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Table 2 Types of suicide intent and their association with gender, countries and age

From: A cross-national study on gender differences in suicide intent

   Gender Deliberate Self-Harm (DSH) [%](SR) Para-suicidal Pause (SP) [%](SR) Para-suicidal Gesture (SG) [%](SR) Serious Suicide Attempt (SSA) [%](SR) p value Total
Gender (n = 5212)   Male 260 [12.3%] 281 [13.3%]* 367 [17.4%]*** 1206 [57%]*** < .001a 2114
  Female 402 [13%] 484 [15.6%] 705 [22.8%] 1507 [48.6%]   3098
Country Germany (n = 1306) Male 16 [2.9%] 56 [10.2%] 112 [20.4%] 366 [66.5%] = .37a 550
Female 23 [3%] 97 [12.8%] 165 [21.8%] 471 [62.3%]   756
Hungary (n = 1004) Male 78 [18.1%]*** 146 [33.8%]** 19 [4.4%] 189 [43.8%] = .002a 432
Female 61 [10.7%]*** 241 [42.1%]** 20 [3.5%] 250 [43.7%]   572
Ireland (n = 1537) Male 57 [7.9%] 57 [7.9%] 166 [22.9%]** 446 [61.4%]** = .007a 726
Female 73 [9%] 62 [7.6%] 243 [30%]** 433 [53.4%]**   811
Portugal (n = 1365) Male 109 [26.8%] 22 [5.4%]* 70 [17.2%]*** 205 [50.5%]*** < .001a 406
Female 245 [25.5%] 84 [8.8%]* 277 [28.9%]*** 353 [36.8%]***   959
Age Group <30 years (n = 1810) Male 81 [11.1%] 92 [12.6%] 161 [22.1%]* 394 [54.1%]*** = .005a 728
Female 149 [13.8%] 156 [14.4%] 284 [26.2%]* 493 [45.6%]***   1082
30–45 years (n = 1695) Male 95 [13.2%]+ 103 [14.3%]* 113 [15.7%]** 410 [56.9%]*** <.001a 721
Female 160 [16.4%]+ 177 [18.2%]* 208 [21.4%]** 429 [44%]***   974
>45 years (n = 1707) Male 84 [12.6%]* 86 [12.9%] 93 [14%]** 402 [60.5%] <.001a 665
Female 93 [8.9%]* 151 [14.5%] 213 [20.4%]** 585 [56.1%]   1042
  1. Included cases refer to persons with valid gender data who had not changed their gender
  2. M arithmetic means, n sample size, p significance level, SD standard deviation, sr standardized residual
  3. + p < .10; *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001 (refers to the p values of the cross-tables)
  4. aAccording to the results of a X2-test