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Table 1 Major- and minor depression in PHQ 9 and DSM

From: Minor depression in older, long-term unemployed people seeking vocational support

  PHQ 9 DSM IV TR DSM V
  Major depression syndrome Major depression Major depression
Major depression At least 5 symptoms are answered with more than half of the days or nearly every day a, at least 2 weeks present, 1 core symptomb At least 5 symptoms during the same 2-week period, at least 1 core symptomb At least 5 symptoms during the same 2-week period, at least 1 core symptomb
Minor depression Other depressive syndrome Depressive disorder not otherwise specified Depressive episode with insufficient symptoms
2–4 symptoms are answered with more than half of the days or nearly every day a, at least 2 weeks present, 1 core symptomb Any depressive disorder that does not meet the criteria for a specific disorder Depressed affect and at least one other symptom, at least 2 weeks present
Non depression 0–1 symptom is answered with more than half of the days or nearly every day a Non depressive Non depressive
  1. asuicidality is also taken into consideration if answered with several days
  2. bdepressed mood and loss of interest or pleasure