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Table 3 Withdrawal symptoms and craving for opioids

From: Polydrug abuse among opioid maintenance treatment patients is related to inadequate dose of maintenance treatment medicine

  Total sample
(n = 60)
Inadequate dose
(n = 39)
Adequate dose
(n = 21)
p
SOWSa 8.8 ± 5.9 (0–24) 10.4 ± 6.1 (0–24) 5.8 ± 4.1 (0–18) 0.001
OOWSb 0.8 ± 1.4 (0–5) 1.0 ± 1.6 (0–5) 0.5 ± 0.9 (0–3) NS
Craving for opioidsc 3.8 ± 2.7 (0–10) 4.7 ± 2.7 (1–10) 2.1 ± 1.6 (0–5) < 0.001
  1. aThe short opiate withdrawal scale, range 0–30
  2. bThe objective rating on withdrawal symptoms, range 0–13
  3. cThe craving for opioids during the preceding 24 h on visual analog scale, range 0–10