Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical data

From: The effects of acute and elective cardiac surgery on the anxiety traits of patients with Marfan syndrome

  1. Aortic dissection 2. Annuloaortic ectasia 3. Prophylactic 4. Non-operated
 Patients 10 9 9 17
 Male 4 6 6 3
Anthropometric (measured)
 Height 180.1 ± 10.1 183.9 ± 13.2 186.4 ± 13.7 180.2 ± 9.2
 Lower segment (cm) 95.8 ± 8.6 100 ± 11.8 99.1 ± 6.8 94.3 ± 5.9
 Arm span (cm) 190.3 ± 11.6 186 ± 17 192.6 ± 11.4 184.8 ± 7.5
 Footsize 42.9 ± 2.2 43 ± 3.3 44.2 ± 4.1 42.2 ± 2.5
 Weight (kg) 78.3 ± 13.4 71.9 ± 18.6 75.1 ± 19.3 69.6 ± 13.4
Anthropometric (calculated)
 Upper segment (cm) 84.3 ± 8.3 83.9 ± 9.2 87.3 ± 9.2 85.6 ± 6.8
 Body Mass Index (BMI; kg/m2) 24.2 ± 3.7 21 ± 4.2 21.5 ± 4.5 21.3 ± 3
 Body surface area (m2) 1.97 ± 0.2 1.91 ± 0.3 1.96 ± 0.3 1.86 ± 0.2
 Upper segment - Lower segment ratio (USLS) 0.89 ± 0.12 0.85 ± 0.14 0.88 ± 0.09 0.91 ± 0.09
 Arm span - Height ratio (ASHR) 1.06 ± 0.04 1.01 ± 0.04 1.04 ± 0.04 1.03 ± 0.03
Ghent nosology (%)
 Mitral valve prolapse 60 78 80 75
 Pectus carinatum 40 44 80 63
 Pectus excavatum requiring surgery 10 11 0 0
 Reduced upper to lower segment ratio 40 44 20 19
 Increased arm span to height ratio 70 11 10 19
 Wrist sign 90 67 80 81
 Thumb sign 80 67 100 94
 Scoliosis of >20° or spondylolisthesis 80 56 90 94
 Severe scoliosis 60 44 50 44
 Reduced extension at the elbows 20 0 0 13
 Medial displacement of the medial malleolus causing pes planus 30 22 70 69
 Heel deformity 0 11 10 13
 Pectus excavatum of moderate severity 20 22 40 31
 Asymetric chest 40 22 70 44
 Joint hypermobility 70 33 60 63
 Highly arched palate with crowding of teeth 60 33 70 56
 Facial appearance 50 22 60 38
 Ectopia lentis 30 11 30 31
 Myopia over 3 diopters 10 11 50 44
 Spontaneous pneumothorax 0 11 0 13
 Striae atrophicae (stretch marks) 100 44 70 56