Skip to main content

Table 1 Study sample characteristics and 12-month prevalence rates of depressive disorders by risk factors

From: Acculturation and other risk factors of depressive disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds

  Frequency Any depressive disorder MDD Dysthymia
  n % % % %
Total 662 100 29.0 14.4 14.7
Gender
 Male 276 41.7 23.2 10.5 12.7
 Female 386 58.3 33.2 17.1 16.1
Age, y
 18–29 139 21.0 22.3 11.5 10.8
 30–49 385 58.2 27.3 14.3 13.0
 50–65 138 20.8 40.6 17.4 23.2
Education
 Low 257 38.8 35.4 14.8 20.6
 Moderate 161 24.3 30.4 17.4 13.0
 High 244 36.9 21.3 11.9 9.4
Income, €
  ≤ 921 360 65.2 33.1 15.0 18.1
 922–1417 117 21.2 25.6 11.1 14.5
  > 1418 75 13.6 21.3 14.7 6.7
Cultural identity
 Turkish 295 45.7 28.1 12.5 15.6
 German 9 1.4 33.3 22.2 11.1
 German-Turka 188 29.1 30.9 17.0 13.8
 Other identity 153 23.7 28.8 14.4 14.4
Mother tongue
 Turkish 534 81.8 30.1 15.5 14.6
 German 17 2.6 23.5 5.9 17.6
 Both 63 9.6 23.8 11.1 12.7
 Other language 39 6.0 25.6 10.3 15.4
Language proficiency
 Turkish 61 9.3 34.4 14.8 21.3
 German 4 0.6 25.0 25.0 0.0
 Both 590 90.1 28.5 14.4 14.1
Nativity
 Turkey 502 76.9 30.7 15.3 15.3
 Germany 151 23.1 24.5 11.9 12.6
Migration generation      
 1st generation 502 76.9 30.7 15.3 15.3
 2nd generation 151 23.1 24.5 11.9 12.6
Length of residency, y
 German-born 151 23.7 24.5 11.9 12.6
   10 59 9.2 27.1 10.2 16.9
 10–20 124 19.4 27.4 17.6 15.3
 21–30 102 16.0 31.4 18.3 13.7
 > 30 202 31.7 34.2 11.9 15.8
Age at immigration, y
 German-born 151 23.7 24.5 11.9 12.6
   13 118 18.5 34.7 17.8 11.9
 13–18 118 18.5 29.8 19.5 15.3
 18–25 148 23.2 27.0 24.2 16.9
  > 25 103 16.1 29.8 10.7 17.5
Citizenship
 Turkish 415 63.5 28.4 13.7 14.7
 German 184 28.4 32.8 18.3 14.5
 Both 53 8.1 22.6 7.5 15.1
  1. aperson with Turkish migration background