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Table 4 Risk factors of 12-month prevalence rates of dysthymia – OR and 95% CI

From: Acculturation and other risk factors of depressive disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds

  Dysthymia
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Men Women Men Women Men Women
Age, y
 18–29 referent referent referent referent referent referent
 30–49 1.82 (0.49–6.75) 1.15 (0.48–2.75) 3.40 (0.79–14.56) 1.08 (0.45–2.59) 6.60* (1.30–33.49) 1.46 (0.56–3.83)
 50–65 3.50 (0.90–13.63) 1.75 (0.65–4.70) 6.48* (1.39–30.23) 1.66 (0.61–4.49) 29.42**(3.74–231.17) 2.41 (0.71–8.26)
Education
 High referent referent referent referent referent referent
 Moderate 0.91 (0.30–2.74) 1.62 (0.64–4.07) 0.64 (0.20–2.06) 1.59 (0.62–4.04) 0.88 (0.25–3.14) 1.71 (0.65–4.53)
 Low 1.54 (0.61–3.88) 2.23 (0.99–4.99) 1.59 (0.60–4.25) 2.12 (0.93–4.83) 2.94 (0.96–8.95) 2.56* (1.05–6.20)
Income, €
  > 1418 referent referent referent referent referent referent
 922–1417 1.39 (0.31–6.26) 2.47 (0.49–12.41) 1.73 (0.34–8.18) 2.59 (0.51–13.27) 1.55 (0.28–8.61) 2.55 (0.49–13.23)
   921 2.01 (0.53–7.55) 2.67 (0.60–11.98) 2.74 (0.65–11.58) 02.59 (0.57–11.87) 3.25 (0.71–14.86) 2.71 (0.58–12.76)
Cultural identity
 Turkish    referent referent referent referent
 German, German-Turka    2.06 (0.75–5.66) 0.56 (0.27–1.17) 2.18 (0.72–6.58) 0.50 (0.23–1.09)
 Other identity    1.72 (0.57–5.19) 0.91 (0.40–2.11) 1.75 (0.54–5.72) 0.90 (0.38–2.14)
Mother tongue
 Turkish    referent referent referent referent
 German, both    3.68* (1.24–10.29) 0.83 (0.23–3.01) 3.26 (0.97–11.00) 0.76 (0.20–2.83)
 Other  language    dropped 0.94 (0.24–3.69) dropped 0.88 (0.22–3.61)
Language proficency
 Turkish    referent referent referent referent
 German, both    0.41 (0.09–1.91) 0.69 (0.30–1.59) 0.69 (0.13–3.67) 0.69 (0.28–1.67)
Length of residency, y
 German-born      referent referent
   10      1.92 (0.36–10.32) 1.08 (0.29–4.05)
 10–20      0.63 (0.12–3.18) 0.77(0.27–2.20)
 21–30      0.61 (0.13–2.87) 0.43 (0.14–1.35)
  > 30      0.18 (0.04–0.81) 0.66 (0.23–1.86)
Citizenship
 Turkish      referent referent
 German, both      2.69 (0.91–7.99) 1.60 (0.75–3.40)
  1. aor person with Turkish migration background. ‘dropped’ refers to no cases found. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01. Model fit:
  2. Model 1: LR male = 10.12(6), p = .120; R 2 male = .08, LR female = 13.094(6), p = .057; R 2 female  = .06,
  3. Model2: LR male = 23.72(11), p = .014; R 2 male = .19, LR female = 16.26(11), p = .132; R 2 female = .08,
  4. Model 3: LR male = 33.32(16), p < 0.05; R 2 male = .26, LR female = 19.13(16), p = .262; R 2 female  = .10