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Table 1 Distribution of baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

From: Randomized controlled pilot trial of supportive text messages for patients with depression

Variable Intervention group N Control group N P-value
Gender Male 10 (28.6%) 13 (34.2%) 0.60
Female 25 (71.4%) 25 (65.8%)
Age ≤ 25 13 (37.1%) 9 (23.7%) 0.17
26–40 17 (48.6%) 17 (50.0%)
≥ 41 5 (14.3%) 12 (31.6%)
Formal educational level Up to high school 20 (57.1%) 19 (50.0%) 0.64
College/University 15 (42.9%) 19 (50.0%)
Employment status Employed 23 (65.7%) 30 (78.9%) 0.29
Not Employed 12 (34.6%) 8 (21.1%)
Relationship status In a relationship 17 (50.0%) 22 (57.9%) 0.64
Not in a relationship 17 (50.0%) 16 (42.1%)
On antidepressants before enrolment Yes 19 (54.3%) 22 (57.9%) 0.82
No 16 (45.7%) 16 (42.1%)
On medication for chronic physical health problems Yes 7 (20.0%) 8 (21.1%) 1.00
No 28 (80.0%) 30 (78.9%)
EQ-5D-5 L Mobility No problems walking 23 (65.7%) 26 (68.4%) 0.97
Slight problems walking 7 (20.0%) 8 (21.1%)
Moderate problems walking 4 (11.4%) 3 (7.9%)
Severe problems walking 1 (2.9%) 1 (2.6%)
EQ-5D-5 L Self-care No problems washing/dressing 24 (68.6%) 30 (78.8%) 0.45
Slight problems washing/dressing 8 (22.9%) 7 (18.4%)
Moderate problems washing/dressing 3 (8.6%) 1 (2.6%)
EQ-5D-5 L Unusual Activities No problems doing usual activities 2 (5.7%) 6 (15.8%) 0.39
Slight problems doing usual activities 12 (34.3%) 7 (18.4%)
Moderate problems doing usual activities 13 (37.1%) 13 (34.2%)
Severe problems doing usual activities 6 (17.1%) 8 21.1%)
Unable to do usual activities 2 (5.7%) 4 (10.5%)
EQ-5D-5 L Pain/Discomfort No pain or discomfort 13 (37.1%) 11 (28.9%) 0.75
Slight pain or discomfort 12 (34.3%) 14 (36.8%)
Moderate pain or discomfort 6 (17.1%) 9 (23.7%)
Severe pain or discomfort 3 (8.6%) 4 (10.5%)
Extreme pain or discomfort 1 (2.9%) 0 (0.0%)
EQ-5D-5 L Anxiety/Depression Slightly anxious or depressed 2 (5.7%) 2 (5.3%) 0.87
Moderately anxious or depressed 11 (31.4%) 15 (39.5%)
Severely anxious or depressed 15 (42.9%) 13 (34.2%)
Extremely anxious or depressed 7 (20.0%) 8 (21.1%)
Mean self-rated health index (EQ VAS scores) 44.5 (19.0) 47.1 (19.1) 0.56
Mean Becks Depression Inventory-II (SD) 40.1 (8.6) 36.3 (8.8) 0.06