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Table 2 Impact of having antenatal depressive symptoms on each of self-reported perinatal complications

From: Antenatal depressive symptoms and perinatal complications: a prospective study in rural Ethiopia

Self-Reported Perinatal Complications During Pregnancy During Labour Up to 7 days Postpartum Neonatal
n (%) aOR (95% CI) n (%) aOR (95% CI) n (%) aOR (95% CI) n (%) aOR (95% CI)
Edema 172 (13.8) 2.68 (1.87, 3.83)   -- 70 (5.6) 2.37 (1.39, 4.04) -- --
Blurred vision 293 (23.6) 1.89 (1.41, 2.54)   -- 301(24.3) 1.74 (1.29, 2.36) -- --
Severe abdominal pain 349 (28.2) 2.29 (1.73, 3.04)   -- 382 (30.8) 1.61(1.21, 2.15) -- --
Abnormal discharge 163 (13.2) 2.08 (1.44, 2.98)   -- 187 (15.1) 1.42 (0.99, 2.02) -- --
Burning sensation at urination 201 (16.2) 1.67 (1.19, 2.34)   -- 257 (20.7) 1.59 (1.16, 2.18) -- --
Severe headache 398 (32.1) 1.96 (1.49, 2.58) 340 (27.4) 1.84 (1.37, 2.46) 338 (27.3) 1.68 (1.24, 2.25) -- --
Convulsion -- -- 491 (39.6) 1.42 (1.07, 1.87) 257 (20.7) 1.69 (1.24, 2.32) -- --
Haemorrhage -- -- 378 (30.5) 1.74 (1.31, 2.33) 420 (33.8) 1.60 (1.22, 2.17) -- --
Unconsciousness -- -- 152 (12.3) 1.48 (1.00, 2.19) 41 (3.3) 2.45 (1.25, 4.80) -- --
Fever -- -- 368 (29.8) 1.98 (1.48, 2.64) 274 (22.1) 1.87 (1.37, 2.54) -- --
Premature Rupture of Membrane -- -- 92 (7.4) 1.81 (1.11, 2.92)   -- -- --
Prolonged labour -- -- 264 (21.3) 1.98 (1.43, 2.73)   -- -- --
Tear -- -- 92 (7.4) 1.19 (0.72, 1.99)   -- -- --
Retained placenta (30 min) -- -- 66 (13.4) 1.57 (1.08, 2.30)   -- -- --
Difficulty or Fast Breathing -- -- -- -- -- -- 129 (11.0) 1.70 (1.12, 2.58)
Yellow Skin/Eye Color (Jaundice) -- -- -- -- -- -- 45 (3.8) 1.08 (0.53, 2.19)
Poor Sucking or Feeding -- -- -- -- -- -- 48 (4.1) 0.76 (0.39, 1.50)
Pus, Bleeding around Umbilical Cord -- -- -- -- -- -- 162 (13.8) 1.38 (0.94, 2.01)
Skin Lesions Or Blisters -- -- -- -- -- -- 129 (10.1) 1.18 (0.77, 1.80)
Convulsions/Spasms/Rigidity -- -- -- -- -- -- 115 (9.8) 1.72 (1.12, 2.65)
Lethargy/Unconsciousness -- -- -- -- -- -- 35 (3.0) 1.11 (0.51, 2.39)
Red or Swollen Eyes With Pus -- -- -- -- -- -- 53 (4.5) 1.50 (0.80, 2.80)
One or more of any symptoms 700 (56.4) 2.44 (1.84, 3.23) 826 (66.6) 1.84 (1.34, 2.53) 804 (64.8) 1.70 (1.23, 2.35) 418 (35.6) 1.30 (0.98, 1.73)
  1. N = total sample size; n = number of cases having perinatal complications ( % = percentage of cases having perinatal complications)
  2. Controlled for alcohol use, residence, marital status, household income, education, intimate partner violence, life threatening events, number of ANC visits, parity, pregnancy intention, chronic conditions, and previous experience of adverse perinatal outcomes in all models and after adjusting for presence of one or more of any pregnancy complications symptoms and delivery complications in modelling each of labour complications and postpartum complication respectively.