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Table 4 Antenatal Depressive symptoms vs adverse perinatal outcomes

From: Antenatal depressive symptoms and perinatal complications: a prospective study in rural Ethiopia

Characteristics Pregnancy loss Neonatal mortality Either pregnancy loss or neonatal mortality
(cOR, 95% CI) (aOR, 95% CI) (cOR, 95% CI) (aOR, 95% CI) (cOR, 95% CI) (aOR, 95% CI)
Depressive Symptoms: PHQ9≥5 1.12 (0.61, 2.05) 1.26 (0.65, 2.44) 1.83 ( 0.73, 4.60) 2.03 (0.73, 5.63) 1.29 (0.77, 2.14) 1.44 (0.82, 2.53)
Residence: Rural 1.44 (0.44, 4.72) 2.25 (0.44, 11.42) omitted omitted 2.00 (0.62, 6.49) 2.84 (0.60, 13.22)
House hold Income: High 0.94 (0.49, 1.81) 0.84 (0.42, 1.70) 1.22 ( 0.41, 3.67) 1.43 (0.45, 4.56) 1.01 (0.57, 1.78) 0.97 (0.53, 1.79)
Medium 0.77 (0.38, 1.54) 0.72 (0.35, 1.47) 1.10 (0.35, 3.43) 1.20 (0.38, 3.82) 0.84 (0.46, 1.54) 0.83 (0.45, 1.54)
Low 1 1 1 1 1 1
Educational Level: Secondary + 1.51 (0.45, 5.09) 2.66 (0.46, 15.24) omitted 1.00 1.08 (0.32, 3.59) 2.21 (0.53, 1.88)
Primary Schooling 0.95 (0.51, 1.80) 1.02 (0.49, 2.11) 0.85 (0.30, 2.38) 0.99 (0.31, 3.18) 0.92 (0.54, 1.59) 1.01 (0.42, 11.40)
Non-literate 1 1 1 1 1 1
Intimate Partner violence 0.85 (0.74, 0.98) 0.85 (0.73, 0.98) 0.98 ( 0.83, 1.15) 0.99 (0.82, 1.18) 0.89 (0.80, 0.99) 0.89 (0.79, 1.00)
Threatening life events 0.84 (0.65, 1.08) 0.86 (0.65, 1.14) 0.87 ( 0.58, 1.30) 0.82 (0.53, 1.29) 0.84 (0.68, 1.05) 0.84 (0.66, 1.08)
Parity 0.98 (0.86, 1.12) 1.01 (0.85, 1.19) 1.07 ( 0.87, 1.32) 1.03 (0.80, 1.33) 1.00 (0.90, 1.13) 1.01 (0.88, 1.17)
Pregnancy Intention: Wanted 1 1 1 1 1 1
Mistimed 0.89( 0.31, 2.57) 1.00 (0.34, 2.96) 0.63 (0.08, 4.90) 0.55 (0.07, 4.41) 0.82 (0.32, 2.12) 0.86 (0.32, 2.27)
Unwanted 0.62 (0.33, 1.17) 0.61 (0.31, 1.20 0.75 ( 0.28, 2.01) 0.61 (0.22, 1.73) 0.65 (0.38, 1.12) 0.61 (0.34, 1.09)
History of adverse perinatal outcomes 1.48 (0.82, 2.66) 1.66 (0.89, 3.11) 1.63 ( 0.64, 4.18) 1.47 (0.54, 3.98) 1.52 (0.92, 2.51) 1.61 (0.94, 2.76)
pregnancy complications 1.21 (0.69, 2.10) 1.37 (0.74, 2.54) 1.15 ( 0.46, 2.85) 1.00 (0.45, 2.23) 1.19 (0.74, 1.92) 1.28 (0.75, 2.17)
other comorbid illness 0.91 (0.53, 1.54) 0.89 (0.51, 1.55) 1.12 ( 0.52, 2.42) 1.07 (0.39, 2.90) - 0.93 (0.58, 1.48)