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Table 1 Patient and disease characteristics, physical activity, quality of life, attitude and self-efficacy (N = 184)

From: Physical activity and quality of life in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness: a cross-sectional study

Variable (scale) Mean (SD) N (%)
Gender (men)    108 (58.7)
Age (years) 57.4 (12.8)   
Diagnosis     
 Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders    142 (77.2)
 Personality disorder    17 (9.2)
 Mood disorder     
 Depressive    6 (3.3)
 Bipolar    7 (3.8)
 Othersa    12 (6.5)
Years of hospitalization, median (25–75 percentile)b 6.0 (4.0–21.8)   
Severity of illness (range 1–6) 4.7 (1.4)   
Medication     
 Antipsychotics     
 First generation    36 (19.6)
 Second generation    70 (38.0)
 Both    73 (39.7)
 Antidepressants    82 (44.6)
TAC/h 24,527 (14821)   
EQ-5D index score (0–1) 0.6 (0.3)   
WHOQoL-Bref
 Overall QoL rating (1–5) 3.5 (0.9)   
 Health satisfaction rating (1–5) 3.4 (1.1)   
 Physical domain (4–20) 13.6 (2.7)   
 Psychological domain (4–20) 13.1 (3.1)   
 Social domain (4–20) 13.1 (2.9)   
 Environmental domain (4–20) 14.9 (2.1)   
Attitude towards PA (18–126) 76.6 (26.8)   
Self-efficacy towards PA (15–75) 41.2 (14.6)   
  1. TAC/h average Total Activity Counts per hour, QoL Quality of life, EQ-5D EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire, WHOQoL-Bref World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire, brief version
  2. aDelirium, dementia, and amnestic and other cognitive disorders (n = 3); substance-related disorders (n = 3), somatoform disorders (n = 2); mental disorder not otherwise specified (n = 2); anxiety disorder (n = 1); developmental disorder (n = 1)
  3. bPositively skewed distribution