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Table 3 Associations between outcomes, uncorrected and corrected for confounding patient and disease characteristics

From: Physical activity and quality of life in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness: a cross-sectional study

  Corrected for Uncorrected Corrected
Variable A B C D E F G B (95% CI) F B (95% CI) F
Associations between physical activity (TAC/h) and QoL
 EQ-5D index score   B   D       3.89*    4.81***
  Q2         0.16* (0.03–0.28)   0.18** (0.06–0.31)  
  Q3         0.14* (0.01–0.26)   0.18** (0.05–0.31)  
  Q4         0.20** (0.08–0.33)   0.19** (0.05–0.33)  
WHOQoL-Bref
 Overall QoL rating   B   D       2.78*    3.20**
  Q2         0.54** (0.17–0.92)   0.60** (0.21–0.98)  
  Q3         0.30 (−0.07–0.68)   0.40* (<0.01–0.81)  
  Q4         0.33 (−0.05–0.70)   0.35 (−0.08–0.78)  
 Health satisfaction rating   B C D       1.04    2.62**
  Q2         0.39 (−0.07–0.85)   0.47 (−0.01–0.94)  
  Q3         0.26 (−0.20–0.72)   0.44 (−0.05–0.93)  
  Q4         0.30 (−0.16–0.77)   0.50 (−0.03–1.02)  
 Physical domain A B C D       2.75*    3.72***
  Q2         1.06 (−0.02–2.13)   1.18* (0.10–2.26)  
  Q3         1.18* (0.10–2.26)   1.66** (0.54–2.79)  
  Q4         1.47** (0.39–2.54)   1.50* (0.31–2.69)  
 Psychological domain A B   D    G    0.90    5.22***
  Q2         0.88 (−0.39–2.15)   1.35* (0.11–2.59)  
  Q3         0.45 (−0.82–1.72)   1.01 (−0.29–2.31)  
  Q4         −0.03 (−1.30–1.24)   0.45 (−0.93–1.83)  
 Social domain   B C        2.06    2.06*
  Q2         1.42* (0.23–2.62)   1.46* (0.19–2.73)  
  Q3         1.13 (−0.07–2.33)   1.38* (0.07–2.69)  
  Q4         0.75 (−0.44–1.95)   1.27 (−0.12–2.67)  
 Environmental domain A B C D E F     0.18    1.37
  Q2         0.23 (−0.66–1.12)   0.04 (−0.92–0.99)  
  Q3         0.29 (−0.60–1.18)   0.21 (−0.78–1.19)  
  Q4         0.08 −0.81 – 0.97)   −0.16 (−1.20–0.89)  
 Associations between attitude and self-efficacy and physical activity (TAC/h) a   
  Attitude towards PA   B   D     83.60* (3.58–163.62) 4.25* 36.54 (−34.91–107.99) 14.09***
  Self-efficacy towards PA   B C      82.52 (−64.98–230.01) 1.22 67.39 (−59.69–194.48) 11.24***
  1. Significant results shown in bold. A, gender; B, age; C, diagnosis; D, illness severity; E, years of hospitalization; F, use of antipsychotics; G, use of antidepressants. B = regression coefficient; Q = Quartile (n = 46); TAC/h = average Total Activity Counts per hour
  2. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.01. ***p < 0.001
  3. aalso corrected for the way of accelerometer-attachment