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Table 1 Comparisons in socio-demographic variables between FEP-C (control) and PROD (prodrome) groups

From: Only a small proportion of patients with first episode psychosis come via prodromal services: a retrospective survey of a large UK mental health programme

Socio-demographic characteristics FEP-C (n = 283; 83.7%) PROD
(n = 14; 4.1%)
Statistics
  Mean (S.D.)/n(%) Mean (S.D.)/n(%) Test statistics df P-value
Age, y 27.9 (5.5) 24.2 (6.0) t = 2.46 295 0.01
 Range 18–37 15–34    
Gender    chi2 = 0.36 1 0.60a
 Female 124 (43.8) 5 (35.7)    
 Male 159 (56.2) 9 (64.3)    
Ethnicity    chi2 = 2.65 2 0.29a
 White 98 (35.1) 7 (53.8)    
 Black 126 (45.2) 3 (23.1)    
 Other 55 (19.7) 3 (23.1)    
Country of birth    chi2 = 6.14 1 0.02b
 UK 124 (46.8) 10 (83.3)    
 Not in the UK 141 (53.2) 2 (16.7)    
Education    chi2 = 1.30 1 0.21b
 School 111 (55.2) 8 (72.7)    
 A-Level, or above 90 (44.8) 3 (27.3)    
Employment status    chi2 = 1.24 1 0.27a
 Unemployed 172 (64.7) 7 (50.0)    
 Employed 94 (35.3) 7 (50.0)    
Marital status    chi2 = 2.98 1 0.10a
 Not in stable relationship 207 (75.3) 7 (53.9)    
 Married/stable relationship 68 (24.7) 6 (46.1)    
Living arrangements    chi2 = 4.08 2 0.15b
 Alone 74 (27.0) 1 (7.1)    
 Partner/family 125 (45.6) 10 (71.4)    
 No stable accommodation 75 (27.4) 3 (21.4)    
Cannabis use    chi2 = 1.86 1 0.26b
 No 118 (50.2) 4 (30.8)    
 Yes 117 (49.8) 9 (69.2)    
  1. ARMS At Risk Mental State, IQR inter-quantile range, S.D. standard deviation, df degree of freedom, y years, FEP-C (control) group FEP patients who present to mental health services for FEP without prior contact with the prodromal services, PROD (prodrome) group FEP patients who had first presented to the prodromal services with the ARMS and who, by definition, subsequently transitioned to FEP
  2. achi-square test
  3. bFisher’s exact test