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Table 3 Barriers and facilitators

From: Barriers and facilitators in accessing dementia care by ethnic minority groups: a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies




Overarching concept

New concept

New concept


Lack of carer/patient understanding of the causes and symptoms of dementia

Improving knowledge of dementia

Lack of Knowledge, familiarity and awareness of services and how to navigate the system


Professionals lack of specialist knowledge and lack of cultural and linguistic ability to achieve diagnosis

Improving training for professionals in identifying and screening for dementia

Limitations of available services and lack of cultural awareness

Broadening and adapting servicesContinuity of care

Preconceived ideas of treatability /normalisation


Cultural habitus/experiences

Anxiety/trust issues about ‘outside’ support and its cultural appropriateness

Tackling the issue of ‘outsiders’

Issues around trust and racism, both historic and current


Societal stigma of mental illness and denial or concealment as a defence against the reactions of others

Addressing societal stigma/denial/concealment

Cultural issues impacting on perceptions of Western medicine and the acceptability of services


The impact of cultural/familial expectations and community perceptions on care decisions


Health care provider exclusion and dismissal of carer concerns/Negative carer experiences of help seeking


Negative emotions associated with response from own community