Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic Characteristics

From: Effect of short-term heart rate variability biofeedback on long-term abstinence in alcohol dependent patients – a one-year follow-up

  Patients who completed follow-up Intention-to-treat
HRV Biofeedback
(n = 15)
Control
(n = 12)
p-value HRV Biofeedback
(n = 24)
Control
(n = 24)
p-value
Age (years) 41.2 ± 8 43.6 ± 9 0.74 40 ± 7 44 ± 8 0.06
Gender (%) 53.3 m, 46.7 f 83.3 m, 16.7 f 0.09 70.8 m, 29.2 f 70.8 m, 29.2 f 0.09
Smoking (%) 80 75 0.75 79 75 0.36
Comorbidities
• Neuropathy (%) 26.7 0 0.05 33.3 16.7 0.09
• Hepatic steatosis (%) 20 50 0.05 20.8 37.5 0.07
  1. Analyses of demographic data showed no differences in size, weight, gender, tobacco use and comorbidities between patients who have undergone HRV-biofeedback one year earlier and those who have received rehabilitation only. This was true when both, only patients who completed follow-up or all participants of the interventional randomized controlled trial (Intention-to-treat) were included in the analyses
  2. m male, f female