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Table 5 Bivariate analysis of potential factors characteristic of caregivers and the caring process associated with caregiver burden

From: Factors associated with the burden of family caregivers of patients with mental disorders: a cross-sectional study

Variables ZBI Score p
Mean ± SDa
Sex
 Male 26.18 ± 15.67 0.395
 Female 28.03 ± 14.24  
Age (years)
 ≤ 40 22.33 ± 12.34 0.010
 41–60 28.22 ± 14.95  
 > 60 29.57 ± 14.53  
Education (years)
 Low 28.49 ± 13.71 0.136
 Average 24.97 ± 16.35  
 High 30.81 ± 13.63  
Marital status
 Without partner 27.55 ± 14.42 0.916
 With partner 27.73 ± 14.64  
Children
 No 25.19 ± 19.35 0.439
 Yes 27.73 ± 13.96  
Religion
 No 27.37 ± 16.49 0.016
 Yes 30.48 ± 13.23  
 Relationship with the patient 25.11 ± 14.63  
Spouse
 Parents 27.53 ± 14.85 0.805
 Other 28.03 ± 13.63  
Chronic disease (self-report)
 No 26.13 ± 13.52 < 0.001
 Yes 44.78 ± 14.71  
Depression (self-report)
 No 21.69 ± 13.30 0.123
 Yes 28.04 ± 14.50  
Living with patient
 No 24.67 ± 15.78 0.096
 Yes 29.57 ± 10.50  
 Physical activity 28.68 ± 14.41  
 High
 Average 23.67 ± 13.80 0.002
 Low 29.45 ± 14.52  
Receiving help with care
 No 26.12 ± 14.09 0.033
 Yes 29.88 ± 14.92  
Another family member needing care
 No 24.83 ± 13.84 0.045
 Yes 28.73 ± 14.67  
  rb p
Family income (U$$) −0.073 0.229
Time as caregiver (years) 0.123 0.039
Contact days (per week) 0.219 < 0.001
  1. aStandard deviation
  2. bPearson’s correlation coefficient