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Table 7 Item loadings for the exploratory factor analysis and statistical metrics (Cronbach’s alpha for internal consistency and ICC values for test-retest reliability)

From: The Japanese version of the questionnaire about the process of recovery: development and validity and reliability testing

Intra/InterNoItemFactor 1Factor 2Factor 3Factor 4Factor 5
   Positive relationships and redefining the meaning of lifeImproving the skills of self-assessment and literacy of the treatmentAccepting the illness and positive decision makingSupport from others and motivation to changeSelf-management
Intra4I feel part of society rather than isolated0.76 −0.11−0.05−0.040.13
Intra5I am able to assert myself0.69 0.000.01−0.17−0.04
Intra3I am able to develop positive relationships with other people0.57 −−0.01
Intra6I feel that my life has a purpose0.54 0.180.21−0.09−0.15
Intra10I can recognise the positive things I have done0.44 0.410.02−0.13−0.03
Inter17My recovery has helped challenge other peoples views about getting better0.44 0.16−0.150.370.00
Intra18I am able to make sense of my distressing experiences0.44 0.43−0.11−0.04−0.02
Intra19I can actively engage with life0.36
Intra11I am able to understand myself better−0.140.78 0.090.03−0.01
Inter14I can weigh up the pros and cons of psychiatric treatment−0.030.69 −
Intra22I can find the time to do the things I enjoy0.17−0.110.57 −0.190.21
Intra1I feel better about myself0.13−0.080.56 0.09−0.02
Intra2I feel able to take chances in life0.110.290.50 −0.17−0.12
Intra8I have been able to come to terms with things that have happened to me in the past and move on with my life0.160.120.42 0.220.02
Intra7My experiences have changed me for the better0.180.070.39 0.27−0.02
Inter20I realise that the views of some mental health professionals is not the only way of looking at things− 0.110.13
Intra9I am basically strongly motivated to get better−0.29− −0.14
Inter16Meeting people who have had similar experiences makes me feel better0.160.07−0.180.54 −0.06
Intra13I am able to access independent support0.15− 0.00
Inter15I feel my experiences have made me more sensitive towards others−0.200.360.060.36 0.20
Intra21I can take control of aspects of my life0.040.050.14−0.170.94
Intra12I can take charge of my life0.370.09−
 Cronbach’s alpha0.890.720.820.870.80 
 ICC values0.890.720.820.870.80 
 (95% CI)(0.54–0.97)(−0.11–0.93)(0.21–0.96)(0.48–0.97)(0.18–0.95) 
 Extraction Sums of Squared Loadings
 % of variance explained17.7920.613.533.412.30 
 Cumulative % of variance explained17.7938.4041.9345.3447.64 
  1. Boldface type indicates the highest factor loading