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Table 3 Socio-demographic characteristics of the MentDis_ICF65+ study by country

From: Study approach and field work procedures of the MentDis_ICF65+ project on the prevalence of mental disorders in the older adult European population

   Total sample
n = 3142
Hamburg (Germany)
n = 511
Ferrara (Italy)
n = 518
London (England)
n = 496
Madrid (Spain)
n = 555
Geneva (Switzerland)
n = 520
Jerusalem (Israel)
n = 542
P-value
Age: mean (SD)   73.7 (5.6) 73.7 (5.0) 72.7 (5.3) 74.4 (5.6) 73.5 (6.0) 73.2 (5.6) 74.5 (5.6)  
Age categories: n (%) 65–74 1715 (54.6) 279 (54.6) 343 (66.2) 237 (47.8) 296 (53.3) 292 (56.2) 268(49.4)  
  >75 1427 (45.4) 232 (45.4) 175 (33.8) 259 (52.2) 259 (46.7) 228 (43.8) 274 (50.6)  
Gender: n (%) Female 1592 (50.7) 249 (48.7) 233 (45.0) 275 (55.4) 288 (51.9) 265 (51.0) 282 (52.0)  
Born in the country where the interview took place categories: n (%) Yes 2519 (80.2) 473 (92.6) 514 (99.2) 473 (95.4) 523 (94.2) 336 (64.6) 200 (36.9) .001
Education: mean years of schooling (SD)   10.3 (3.2) 10.30 (2.0) 8.9 (2.0) 11.4 (1.7) 8.0 (4.1) 11.9 (1.9) 11.4 (2.7) .001
Graduated from last school categories: n (%) Yes 2392 (77.2) 485 (96.2) 439 (88.7) 342 (70.8) 297 (53.5) 433 (83.3) 396 (73.2) .001
Marital status categories: n (%) Married 1915 (61.0) 314 (61.7) 344 (66.5) 301 (60.7) 336 (60.5) 304 (58.5) 316 (58.3) .003
  Separated, Divorced Widowed 1082 (34.5) 178 (35.0) 146 (28.2) 166 (33.5) 192 (34.6) 186 (36.8) 214 (39.5)  
  Never married/other 142 (4.5) 17 (3.3) 27 (5.2) 29 (5.8) 27 (4.9) 30 (5.8) 12 (2.2)  
Number of children: mean (SD)   2.3 (1.5) 1.9 (1.1) 1.7 (0.9) 2.3(1.4) 2.5 (1.4) 1.8 (1.2) 3.4 (2.0) .001
Number of grandchildren: mean (SD)   3.9 (5.8) 2.4 (2.4) 1.6 (1.6) 3.8 (3.5) 3.0 (3.1) 2.6 (2.6) 9.6 (10.8) .001
Number of household members: mean (SD)   0.8 (0.7) 0.7 (0.5) 1.0 (0.7) 0.8 (0.6) 1.0 (0.8) 0.8 (0.5) 0.8 (0.7) .001
Number of close significants: mean (SD)   11.7 (11.2) 12.5 (10.9) 3.6 (4.2) 9.6 (9.2) 10.4 (9.2) 16.7(11.3) 17.4 (13.6) .001
Employment status Retired 2640 (84.6) 481 (94.9) 457 (90.5) 435 (88.4) 400 (72.2) 465 (89.4) 402 (74.4) .001
  Working 227 (7.3) 14 (2.8) 15 (3.0) 45 (9.1) 13 (2.3) 50 (9.6) 90 (16.7)  
  Homemaker 224 (7.2) 10 (2.0) 27 (5.3) 5 (1.0) 137 (24.7) 5 (1.0) 40 (7.4)  
  Unemployed 8 (0.3) 0 1 (0.2) 0 4 (0.7) 0 3 (0.6)  
  Other 20 (0.6) 2 (0.4) 5 (1.0) 7 (1.4) 1 (0.2) 0 5 (0.9)  
Self-rated socioeconomic status: mean (SD)   6.2 (1.7) 6.6 (1.5) 5.8 (1.6) 6.4 (1.4) 5.5 (1.8) 6.9 (1.6) 6.1 (1.8)  
Self-rated financial situation categories: n (%) Very good 356 (11.4) 66 (13.0) 11 (2.1) 68 (13.8) 15 (2.7) 122 (23.5) 71 (13.8) .001
  Good 1372 (43.8) 241 (47.3) 148 (28.8) 254 (51.4) 150 (27.0) 335 (64.4) 244 (45.4)  
  Sufficient 1145 (36.6) 184 (36.1) 303 (58.9) 150 (30.4) 291 (52.4) 51 (9.8) 166 (30.9)  
  Poor 219 (7.0) 14 (2.8) 44 (8.6) 20 (4.0) 86 (15.5) 11 (2.1) 44 (8.2)  
  Very poor 37 (1.2) 4 (0.8) 8 (1.6) 2 (0.4) 13 (2.3) 1 (0.2) 9 (1.7)  
Self-rated religious affiliation categories: n (%) Very important 827 (26.5) 106 (20.8) 199 (38.9) 116 (23.5) 186 (33.5) 75 (14.5) 145 (27.0) .001
  Somewhat important 957 (30.6) 179 (35.2) 157 (30.7) 151 (30.6) 168 (30.3) 126 (24.3) 176 (32.7)  
  Not very important 660 (21.1) 117 (23.0) 85 (16.6) 105 (21.3) 127 (22.9) 144 (27.7) 82 (15.2)  
  Not at all important 682 (21.8) 107 (21.0) 70 (13.7) 122 (24.7) 74 (13.3) 174 (22.5) 135 (25.1)