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Table 5 Association between beck depression inventory score level and different variables of respondents

From: Anxiety and depression among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and general population in rural Nepal

Group/Variables Depression scale P value* (χ2)
Minimal depression Mild depression Moderate depression Severe depression Total
COPD Group       0.009
 Less than 60 years 0 (0%) 5 (20.0%) 5 (20.0%) 15 (60.0%) 25 (100%)
 Above 60 years 4 (5.9%) 9 (13.2%) 36 (52.9%) 19 (27.9%) 68 (100%)
Control Group       0.3
 Less than 60 years 56 (69.1%) 16 (19.8%) 6 (7.4%) 3 (3.7%) 81 (100%)
 Above 60 years 15 (62.5%) 7 (29.2%) 0 (0%) 2 (8.3%) 24 (100%)
COPD Group       0.9
 Male 2 (4.9%) 7 (17.1%) 18 (43.9%) 14 (34.1%) 41 (100%)
 Female 2 (3.8%) 7 (13.5%) 23 (44.2%) 20 (38.5%) 52 (100%)
Control Group       0.06
 Male 56 (71.8%) 13 (16.7%) 6 (7.7%) 3 (3.8%) 78 (100%)
 Female 15 (55.6%) 10 (37.0%) 0 (0%) 2 (7.4%) 27 (100%)
COPD Group       0.7
 Nuclear family 0 (0%) 3 (23.1%) 5 (38.5%) 5 (38.5%) 13 (100%)
 Joint family 4 (5.0%) 11 (13.8%) 36 (45.0%) 29 (36.2%) 80 (100%)
Control Group       0.1
 Nuclear family 18 (66.7%) 6 (22.2%) 0 (0%) 3 (11.1%) 27 (100%)
 Joint family 53 (67.9%) 17 (21.8%) 6 (7.7%) 2 (2.6%) 78 (100%)
COPD Group       0.34
 Illiterate 2 (2.6%) 12 (15.8%) 35 (46.1%) 27 (35.5%) 76 (100%)
 Literate 2 (11.8%) 3 (11.8%) 6 (35.3%) 7 (41.2%) 17 (100%)
Control Group       0.001
 Illiterate 25 (56.8%) 14 (31.8%) 0 (0%) 5 (11.4%) 44 (100%)
 Literate 46 (75.4%) 9 (14.8%) 6 (9.8%) 0 (0%) 61 (100%)
COPD Group       0.06
 Smoker 4 (4.5%) 14 (15.7%) 41 (46.1%) 30 (33.7%) 89 (100%)
 Non smoker 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 4 (100%) 4 (100%)
Control Group       0.001
 Smoker 21 (47.7%) 18 (40.9%) 3 (6.8%) 2 (4.5%) 44 (100%)
 Non smoker 50 (82.0%) 5 (8.2%) 3 (4.9%) 3 (4.9%) 61 (100%)
  1. *Chi-square test was used
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