Skip to main content

Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and clinical features of all study subjects (N = 99)

From: Cultural adaptation and validity of the Malay version of the brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS-M) among patients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric clinic

Characteristic N(%)
Gender
 Male 42 (42.4%)
 Female 57 (57.6%)
Age (mean ± SD) 42.85 ± 11.77
Race
 Malay 14 (14.1%)
 Chinese 56 (56.6%)
 Indian 26 (26.3%)
 Others 3 (3.0%)
Marital Status
 Single 72 (72.7%)
 Married 27 (27.3%)
Education
 Primary 10 (10.1%)
 Secondary 63 (63.6%)
 Tertiary 26 (26.3%)
Occupation
 Unemployed 81 (81.8%)
 Employed 18 (18.2%)
Duration of illness
 Less than 5 years 13 (13.1%)
 5 years and above 86 (86.9%)
Number of hospital admission
 No admission 13 (13.1%)
 1 – 2 admissions 45 (45.5%)
 3 – 4 admissions 12 (12.1%)
 5 and more admissions 29 (29.3%)
Family history of mental illness 34 (34.3%)
PANSS (mean ± SD)
 PANSS Positive 6.35 ± 4.75
 PANSS Negative 16.77 ± 5.52
 PANSS General 25.72 ± 6.74
 PANSS Total 56.10 ± 14.32
CDSS (mean ± SD) 2.96 ± 4.05
WHOQOL-BREF score (mean ± SD)
 Physical 23.14 ± 3.09
 Psychological 19.31 ± 3.52
 Social 6.90 ± 2.64
 Environment 24.20 ± 4.15
 Overall 6.65 ± 1.50
  1. PANSS Positive and Negative Symptoms for Schizophrenia, CDSS Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia, WHOQOL-BREF World Health Organization Quality of Life – Brief Version
  2. SD Standard Deviation, N number of patients