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Table 4 Hierarchical multiple regression analyses predicting depressive symptoms from NLES and left-behind-related variables in LBC (N = 4181)

From: Depressive symptoms and negative life events: What psycho-social factors protect or harm left-behind children in China?

Predictor ΔR2 B(SE) β
Step 1 0.111***   
 NLES   0.09(0.00)*** 0.33
Step 2 0.002**   
 NLES   0.09(0.00)*** 0.33
 Migrant father dummya   −0.72(0.22)*** −0.05
 Migrant mother dummyb   −0.08(0.44) 0.00
Step 3 0.001   
 NLES   0.09(0.00)*** 0.33
 Migrant father dummy   −0.81(0.23)** −0.05
 Migrant mother dummy   −0.14(0.44) 0.00
 Age at separationd   0.22(0.16) 0.02
 Duration of separatione   −0.06(0.08) −0.01
Step 4 0.031***   
 NLES   0.09(0.00)*** 0.31
 Migrant father dummy   −1.25(0.55)*** −0.08
 Migrant mother dummy   −0.50(0.71) −0.02
 Age at separation   0.28(0.16) 0.03
 Duration of separation   −0.05(0.08) −0.01
 Com. durationf   −0.52 (0.10)*** −0.08
 Com. frequencyg   0.63(0.10)*** 0.09
 Com. by telephone dummyc   −0.81(0.54) 0.02
 Com. by message dummyc   0.55(0.50) 0.02
 Com. by visiting dummyc   0.30(0.37) 0.01
 Com. on academic performance dummyc   −1.18(0.20)*** −0.09
 Com. on school life dummyc   −0.39(0.20) −0.03
 Com. on learning difficulties dummyc   0.05(0.57) 0.00
 Com. on life difficulties dummyc   0.65(0.27)** 0.04
 Com. on migrant parental life dummyc   −0.34(0.23) −0.02
 Com. on children’s feelings dummyc   −0.95(0.20)*** −0.07
Adjusted R2 0.381***   
  1. Note: The dependent variable was depressive symptom
  2. Com. communication between migrant parents and left-behind children, NLES negative-life-event-induced stress
  3. ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  4. aFor the variable migrant father dummy: 0 = migrant parents, 1 = migrant father
  5. bFor the variable migrant mother dummy: 0 = migrant parents, 1 = migrant mother
  6. cFor the dummy variables on communication: 0 = no, 1 = yes
  7. dFor the variable age at separation, 1 = 0–5 years old, 2 = 6–12 years old, 3 = 13–17 years old
  8. eFor the variable duration of separation, 1 = 6 months – 2 years, 2 = 2–3 years, 3 = 4–5 years, 5 = over 6 years
  9. fFor the variable communication duration, 1 = within 5 min, 2 = 5–10 min, 3 = 10–30 min, 4 = over 30 min
  10. gFor the variable communication frequency, 1 = daily, 2 = weekly, 3 = monthly, 4 = half a year, 5 = over half a year