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Table 3 Perceived helpfulness of interventions for depression with suicidal thoughts vignette (n = 281)

From: Mental health literacy among pediatric hospital staff in the United Arab Emirates

Intervention Helpful Harmful Neither Most helpfula
Treatments and activities
 Getting information about the problem and available services 90.6 0.7 8.6 13.6
 Psychotherapy focusing on changing thoughts and behaviours (cognitive behaviour therapy) 80.4 1.1 18.5 38.6
 Reading the Koran or Bible 79.9 2.2 17.9 8.3
 Getting out and about more/finding some new hobbies 70.4 2.2 27.4 0.8
 Psychotherapy focusing on relationships with others 68.0 2.5 29.5 4.5
 Psychotherapy focusing on causes that stem from the past 66.5 2.2 31.2 12.9
 Relaxation (e.g. having a massage) 64.0 2.2 33.8 2.3
 Just talking about the problem (e.g. to a family member or close friend) 62.9 5.8 31.3 5.3
 Have a prayer session or reading with a religious leader 60.4 2.9 36.7 0.8
 Improving diet and/or getting more exercise 55.4 1.8 42.8 1.5
 Reading a self-help book 46.1 3.7 50.2 0.8
 Admission to a psychiatric hospital 36.6 10.1 53.3 7.6
 Hypnosis 25.0 6.7 68.3 0.0
 Traditional therapies (e.g. herbs, honey, black cumin seed, olive oil, dates, cupping - Hijama) 18.3 8.6 73.1 1.5
 Trying to deal with the problem on her own 15.2 34.9 49.8 1.5
 Drinking alcohol to relax 7.6 69.8 22.7 0.0
Medicine Type
 Anti-depressant medication (e.g. Prozac) 79.6 3.3 17.1 73.7
 Medication to help you relax (e.g. Xanax, Valium) 54.5 8.7 36.7 12.8
 Vitamins and minerals (e.g. Vitamin C) 48.0 1.8 50.2 13.5
Person/Service
 Psychologist 80.7 0.7 18.5 22.4
 Psychiatrist 78.2 2.5 19.3 43.3
 Community mental health worker/team (e.g. social worker, mental health nurse) 77.1 1.8 21.1 6.0
 Family member 70.2 0.4 29.5 7.5
 Religious person or priest 68.8 0.7 30.4 8.2
 Homeland social group/club 63.1 3.0 33.9 3.0
 Close male friend 56.9 1.1 42.0 3.0
 Family or local doctor 56.3 1.1 42.6 3.7
 Community religious organization 50.0 2.2 47.8 1.5
 Telephone counseling 37.9 5.5 56.6 0.0
 Close female friend 34.8 2.9 62.3 1.5
  1. aPercentage of sample rating the specific intervention item as ‘the most helpful’ for treating problem described in vignette