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Table 1 Mean GHQ-28 and BDI scores with regard to sex, group affiliation, and age

From: Self-assessment of the mental health status in older adults in Poland: a cross-sectional study

  Women
N = 213
Men
N = 87
p UHS (I)
N = 100
UTA (II)
N = 100
NH (III)
N = 100
p 60–69 years old (I)
N = 154
70–79 years old (II)
N = 102
80 years old
and more (III)
N = 44
p Total
N = 300
\( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me \( \overline{x}\pm Sd \) Me
GHQ-28-A 8.92 ± 3.45 9.0 9.08 ± 3.75 9.0 0.813 8.27 ± 3.44 8.0 8.83 ± 3.24 9.0 9.79 ± 3.76 9.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.958
0.019
0.249
8.82 ± 3.36 8.0 8.76 ± 3.52 9.0 9.91 ± 4.05 10.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
1.00
0.283
0.378
8.96 ± 3.53 9.0
GHQ-28-B 7.5 ± 4.38 7.0 6.91 ± 4.96 6.0 0.133 6.69 ± 4.21 6.0 7.14 ± 4.23 6.5 8.15 ± 5.08 7.5 I-II
I-III
II-III
1.00
0.133
0.652
7.41 ± 4.13 7.0 7.12 ± 5.06 6.5 7.52 ± 4.82 6.5 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.845
1.00
1.00
7.33 ± 4.55 7.0
GHQ-28-C 8.79 ± 3.57 7.0 8.83 ± 4.16 7.0 0.625 7.64 ± 2.89 7.0 8.53 ± 2.85 7.0 10.24 ± 4.72 9.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.099
< 0.001
0.133
8.11 ± 3.16 7.0 8.93 ± 3.66 7.0 10.93 ± 4.9 10.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.413
0.005
0.152
8.8 ± 3.74 7.0
GHQ-28-D 3.3 ± 2.65 2.0 3.23 ± 3.04 2.0 0.346 2.58 ± 2.17 2.0 3.19 ± 2.37 2.0 4.07 ± 3.42 3.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.140
< 0.001
0.304
3.26 ± 2.59 2.0 2.96 ± 2.64 2.0 4.09 ± 3.48 3.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.401
0.619
0.072
3.28 ± 2.77 2.0
GHQ-28_total 28.51 ± 10.9 27.0 28.05 ± 13.34 24.0 0.163 25.18 ± 9.63 23.0 27.69 ± 9.57 27.0 32.25 ± 14.1 29.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.170
< 0.001
0.206
27.6 ± 9.95 25.5 27.77 ± 12.16 25.0 32.45 ± 14.91 29.5 I-II
I-III
II-III
1.00
0.393
0.269
28.37 ± 11.64 26.0
BDI 12.84 ± 8.23 11.0 11.34 ± 8.33 8.0 0.085 10.28 ± 6.65 8.5 10.87 ± 7.86 9.0 16.07 ± 8.96 14.5 I-II
I-III
II-III
1.00
< 0.001
< 0.001
11.2 ± 7.34 11.0 12.53 ± 8.57 10.0 16.34 ± 9.5 14.0 I-II
I-III
II-III
0.929
0.003
0.05
12.41 ± 8.27 11.0
  1. Abbreviations: GHQ-28-A General Health Questionnaire (somatic symptoms), GHQ-28-B General Health Questionnaire (symptoms of anxiety and insomnia), GHQ-28-C General Health Questionnaire (social dysfunctions), GHQ-28-D General Health Questionnaire (symptoms of depression), GHQ-28 General Health Questionnaire, BDI Beck Depression Inventory, SD Standard deviation, Me Median, NS0 Not significant, UHS University of the Healthy Senior; UTA University of the Third Age, NH Nursing Home
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