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Table 1 Demographic information for both study groups and clinical characteristics of the schizophrenia group

From: Impaired mixed emotion processing in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia: an fMRI study

  Schizophrenia Group
(n = 19)
Mean (SD)
Control Group
(n = 18)
Mean (SD)
statistics p value
Gender (male/female) 12 / 6 11/8 Chi2 = 0.3 n.s.
Age 37.4 (8.4) 37.6 (10.9) t = 0.1 n.s.
Educationa 2/5/6/6 1/2/7/8 Fisher’s exact test n.s.
Illness duration (years) 12.2 (6.3)   
In−/Outpatients 9 / 10   
CPZ equivalent dose 716 mg (337)   
PANSS total score 77.7 (18.5)   
 PANSS positive subscore 17.6 (6.7)   
 PANSS negative subscore 20.3 (6.8)   
 PANSS general subscore 39.8 (9.1)   
PSP 59.5 (16.1)   
  1. a1 = elementary school; 2 = high school; 3 = vocational school; 4 = college/university
  2. (CPZ = chlorpromazine equivalent dose; PANSS = Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale; PSP = Personal and Social Performance Scale)