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Table 4 Beta coefficients from linear regression models for 2008 CES-D10 depression scores across deprivation domains (N = 11,955)

From: The association between neighbourhood-level deprivation and depression: evidence from the south african national income dynamics study

CESD10 SAIMD Composite Index SAIMD Income and Material SAIMD Employment SAIMD Education SAIMD Living Environment
Deprivation (Standardised β) 0.31 (0.15)* 0.36 (0.16)* 0.38 (0.13)** 0.28 (0.15) 0.53 (0.16)**
Age 0.03 (0.01)*** 0.03 (0.01)*** 0.03 (0.01)*** 0.03 (0.01)*** 0.03 (0.01)***
Male −0.69 (0.13)*** −0.68 (0.13)*** −0.68 (0.13)*** −0.7 (0.13)*** −0.66 (0.13)***
Marital status [married]
 Living with partner 0.85 (0.26)** 0.8 (0.26)** 0.84 (0.26)** 0.82 (0.26)** 0.8 (0.26)**
 Widow/widower 0.88 (0.28)** 0.87 (0.28)** 0.86 (0.28)** 0.89 (0.28)** 0.88 (0.28)**
 Divorced/separated 1.8 (0.52)*** 1.78 (0.53)*** 1.76 (0.52)*** 1.82 (0.52)*** 1.79 (0.52)***
 Never married 0.48 (0.2)* 0.45 (0.2)* 0.44 (0.19)* 0.47 (0.2)* 0.44 (0.2)*
Race [African]
 Coloured −1.23 (0.34)*** −1.13 (0.32)*** −1.15 (0.34)*** −1.32 (0.34)*** −1.11 (0.32)***
 Asian/Indian −0.4 (0.93) −0.36 (0.9) −0.33 (0.94) −0.48 (0.91) −0.27 (0.91)
 White −2.16 (0.39)*** −1.95 (0.4)*** −2.03 (0.4)*** −2.18 (0.39)*** −1.93 (0.38)***
Gr. 9 or more education −0.95 (0.16)*** −0.94 (0.16)*** −0.97 (0.16)*** −0.91 (0.16)*** −0.95 (0.16)***
Employment status [employed]
 Not economically active 0.19 (0.17) 0.19 (0.17) 0.16 (0.17) 0.23 (0.17) 0.2 (0.18)
 Unemployed discouraged 0.34 (0.32) 0.33 (0.32) 0.31 (0.32) 0.37 (0.32) 0.34 (0.32)
 Unemployed strict 1.11 (0.21)*** 1.09 (0.21)*** 1.07 (0.21)*** 1.15 (0.21)*** 1.08 (0.21)***
 HH Income (Standardised β) −0.25 (0.12)* −0.22 (0.12) −0.24 (0.12)* −0.24 (0.12)* −0.23 (0.12)
 Durable goods −0.61 (0.19)** −0.62 (0.18)*** −0.68 (0.19)*** −0.61 (0.18)** −0.61 (0.18)**
 Living environment deprived 0.16 (0.3) 0.16 (0.3) 0.17 (0.29) 0.2 (0.29) −0.01 (0.3)
 Urban 0.55 (0.27)* 0.52 (0.26)* 0.44 (0.25) 0.57 (0.26)* 0.73 (0.28)**
 Negative events 0.14 (0.17) 0.14 (0.17) 0.16 (0.16) 0.17 (0.18) 0.2 (0.17)
 Negative events x deprivation −0.35 (0.2) −0.41 (0.2)* −0.43 (0.21)* −0.21 (0.2) −0.3 (0.19)
 Constant 7.29 (0.43)*** 7.29 (0.43)*** 7.44 (0.42)*** 7.24 (0.44)*** 7.22 (0.44)***
  1. Note. *p < .05. **p < .01.***p < .001
  2. Square brackets indicate reference group for categorical variables