Skip to main content

Table 2 Distributions and associations of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in each trajectory group of annual months of sickness absence and disability pension (SA/DP) in individuals with suicide attempt treated in inpatient care in 2007–2009 in Sweden (N = 5385)

From: Trajectories and characteristics of functional impairment before and after suicide attempt in young adults – a nationwide register-based cohort study

Characteristics Lowest constant Intermediate constant High decreasing Low increasing High constant Pearson’s Chi-Square (p-value)k Log-likelihood test Chi-Square (p-value) l Diff. in R2 *
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)    
1729 (32.1) 1616 (30.0) 405 (7.5) 781 (14.5) 854 (15.9)    
Socio-demographic characteristics a
 Sex
  Men 1014 (58.6) 708 (43.8) 148 (36.5) 294 (37.6) 343 (40.2) 161.7 (<0.001) 56.0 (<0.001) 0.007
  Women 715 (41.4) 908 (56.2) 257 (63.5) 487 (62.4) 511 (59.8)    
 Age
  24–29 895 (51.8) 681 (42.1) 149 (36.8) 355 (45.5) 249 (29.2) 171.4 (<0.001) 125.4 (<0.001) 0.015
  30–34 447 (25.9) 483 (29.9) 115 (28.4) 207 (26.5) 234 (27.4)    
  35–40 387 (22.4) 452 (28.0) 141 (34.8) 219 (28.0) 371 (43.4)    
 Education (years)
  Compulsory (≤9) 667 (38.6) 389 (24.1) 132 (32.6) 208 (26.6) 334 (39.1) 154.1 (<0.001) 157.9 (<0.001) 0.019
  High school (10–12) 730 (42.2) 930 (57.5) 218 (53.8) 407 (52.1) 431 (50.5)    
  University (>12) 332 (19.2) 297 (18.4) 55 (13.6) 166 (21.3) 89 (10.4)    
 Country of birth
  Sweden 1164 (67.3) 1377 (85.2) 354 (87.4) 655 (83.9) 751 (87.9) 259.3 (<0.001) 135.0 (<0.001) 0.016
  European countries without Swedenb 103 (6.0) 51 (3.2) 10 (2.5) 25 (3.2) 29 (3.4)    
  Non-European countries 462 (26.7) 188 (11.6) 41 (10.1) 101 (12.9) 74 (8.7)    
 Type of living areac
  Big cities 736 (42.6) 595 (36.8) 140 (34.6) 295 (37.8) 284 (33.3) 38.6 (<0.001) 22.2 (<0.05) 0.003
  Medium sized cities 636 (36.8) 593 (36.7) 161 (39.8) 303 (38.8) 322 (37.7)    
  Small towns/villages 357 (20.6) 428 (26.5) 104 (25.7) 183 (23.4) 248 (29.0)    
 Family situation
  Marriedd living without children 74 (4.3) 44 (2.7) 11 (2.7) 19 (2.4) 15 (1.8) 128.4 (<0.001) 56.0 (<0.001) 0.007
  Marriedd living with children 352 (20.4) 419 (25.9) 92 (22.7) 171 (21.9) 124 (14.5)    
  Singlee living without children 1155 (66.8) 917 (56.7) 222 (54.8) 458 (58.6) 588 (68.9)    
  Singlee living with children 148 (8.6) 236 (14.6) 80 (19.8) 133 (17.0) 127 (14.9)    
 Unemployment
  No 1177 (68.1) 1080 (66.8) 323 (79.8) 576 (73.8) 813 (95.2) 288.3 (<0.001) 248.5 (<0.001) 0.029
  1–180 days 419 (24.2) 425 (26.3) 72 (17.8) 170 (21.8) 36 (4.2)    
  > 180 days 133 (7.7) 111 (6.9) 10 (2.5) 35 (4.5) <10 (0.6)    
Clinical characteristics
 Somatic inpatient caref, g
  No 1160 (67.1) 862 (53.3) 151 (37.3) 349 (44.7) 298 (34.9) 310.8 (<0.001) 99.6 (<0.001) 0.012
  Yes 569 (32.9) 754 (46.7) 254 (62.7) 432 (55.3) 556 (65.1)    
 Specialised somatic outpatient caref, g
  No 654 (37.8) 358 (22.2) 53 (13.1) 184 (23.6) 108 (12.6) 258.2 (<0.001) 49.2 (<0.001) 0.006
  Yes 1075 (62.2) 1258 (77.8) 352 (86.9) 596 (76.4) 746 (87.4)    
 Mental diagnosis from in- or specialised outpatient caref, g
  No 1049 (60.7) 826 (51.1) 106 (26.2) 235 (30.1) 153 (17.9) 1068.8 (<0.001) 435.0 (<0.001) 0.052
  Schizophrenia non-affective psychoses 18 (1.0) 10 (0.6) <10 (1.7) 32 (4.1) 85 (10.0)    
  Affective disorders 122 (7.1) 245 (15.2) 88 (21.7) 198 (25.4) 148 (17.3)    
  Substance abuse 340 (19.7) 255 (15.8) 85 (21.0) 107 (13.7) 126 (14.8)    
  Neurotic, somatoform and stress-related disorders 143 (8.3) 219 (13.6) 81 (20.0) 130 (16.6) 160 (18.7)    
  Personality disorders 15 (0.9) 28 (1.7) 26 (6.4) 47 (6.0) 97 (11.4)    
  Other mental disorders 42 (2.4) 33 (2.0) 12 (3.0) 32 (4.1) 85 (10.0)    
 Antidepressantsh, i
  No antidepressants 1315 (76.1) 906 (56.1) 137 (33.8) 268 (34.3) 267 (31.3) 811.6 (<0.001) 93.6 (<0.001) 0.011
  Low doses 170 (9.8) 232 (14.4) 73 (18.0) 148 (19.0) 109 (12.8)    
  Moderate doses 159 (9.2) 306 (18.9) 114 (28.1) 208 (26.6) 233 (27.3)    
  High doses 85 (4.9) 172 (10.6) 81 (20.0) 157 (20.1) 245 (28.7)    
 Anxiolyticsh, i
  No Anxiolytics 1443 (83.5) 1185 (73.3) 212 (52.3) 436 (55.8) 374 (43.8) 732.7 (<0.001) 47.6 (<0.001) 0.006
  Low doses 241 (13.9) 373 (23.1) 128 (31.6) 273 (35.0) 273 (32.0)    
  Moderate doses 28 (1.6) 36 (2.2) 41 (10.1) 50 (6.4) 112 (13.1)    
  High doses 17 (1.0) 22 (1.4) 24 (5.9) 22 (2.8) 95 (11.1)    
 Sedativesh, i
  No sedatives 1388 (80.3) 1118 (69.2) 184 (45.4) 369 (47.2) 305 (35.7) 942.1 (<0.001) 113.7 (<0.001) 0.013
  Low doses 242 (14.0) 339 (21.0) 103 (25.4) 224 (28.7) 172 (20.1)    
  Moderate doses 70 (4.0) 113 (7.0) 63 (15.6) 119 (15.2) 190 (22.2)    
  High doses 29 (1.7) 46 (2.8) 55 (13.6) 69 (8.8) 187 (21.9)    
 Method of suicide attemptg, j
  Violent suicide attempt 272 (15.7) 190 (11.8) 32 (7.9) 78 (10.0) 99 (11.6) 30.4 (<0.001) 5.3 (0.26) 0.001
  Non-violent suicide attempt 1457 (84.3) 1426 (88.2) 373 (92.1) 703 (90.0) 755 (88.4)    
  1. * Difference in Nagelkerke pseudo R2 between model including tested variable and model without tested variable. Nagelkerke pseudo R2 for full model is 0.436
  2. a Measured on 31-Dec of the year preceding suicide attempt
  3. b Including other Northern European countries than Sweden and the rest of EU25
  4. cType of living area: big cities (Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö); medium sized cities (cities with more than 90,000 inhabitants within 30 km distance from the centre of the city); small cities/villages/rural
  5. d Married includes all living with partner; cohabiting
  6. e Single comprises divorced, separated, and widowed
  7. f Measured four years before suicide attempt
  8. g See methods section for ICD-10 codes
  9. h Measured during the year preceding the suicide attempt
  10. i See methods section for ATC codes
  11. j Measured at index suicide attempt
  12. k Crude model
  13. l Mutually adjusted model