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Table 5 The association between ethnicity and suicidal behavior controlling for socio-demographics, abuse, internalizing problems and externalizing behavior in female students, aged 14–16 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands 2003–2006

From: Attempted suicide of ethnic minority girls with a Caribbean and Cape Verdean background: rates and risk factors

  Suicidal behavior (Model 1)a Suicidal behavior (Model 2)a Suicidal behavior (Model 3)a Suicidal behavior (Model 4)a Suicidal behavior (Model 5)a Suicidal behavior (Model 6)a
  OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Ethnicity
Dutch REF REF REF REF REF REF
Creole-Surinamese Dutch 1.82 (1.12–2.95) .02 1.11 (0.67–1.86) .68 1.83 (1.11–3.03) 02 1.51 (0.89–2.58) .13 1.12 (0.68–1.87) .65 0.80 (0.45–1.44) .47
Antillean Dutch 1.63 (1.19–2.23) .002 0.73 (0.50–1.06) .10 1.57 (1.14–2.18) .007 1.39 (0.98–1.98) .06 1.00 (0.72–1.39) .99 0.59 (0.39–0.89) .01
Cape Verdean Dutch 0.91 (0.64–1.29) .58 0.53 (0.36–0.80) .002 0.90 (0.62–1.29) .56 0.82 (0.56–1.20) .82 0.57 (0.40–0.83) .003 0.41 (0.27–0.64) < .001
Socio-demographic factors
 Level of education
  Vocational track   REF     REF
  Middle track   0.52 (0.40–0.66) < .001     0.55 (0.42–0.72) < .001
  University track   0.30 (0.22–0.40) < .001     0.38 (0.27–0.51) < .001
Socioeconomic status   1.03 (0.95–1.12) .49     1.04 (0.95–1.14) .37
Not living with 2 biological parents   1.75 (1.43–2.15) < .001     1.37 (1.09–1.71) .006
Trauma
 Sexual abuse    5.54 (4.43–6.92) < .001    2.72 (2.09–3.54) < .001
Internalizing Problems
 Emotional problems     0.85 (0.84–0.87) < .001   0.86 (0.85–0.88) < .001
Externalizing behavior
 Aggressive behavior       
  Never      REF REF
  Occasional      2.95 (2.42–3.60) < .001 1.94 (1.55–2.43) < .001
  Frequent      6.19 (4.51–8.47) < .001 3.72 (2.56–5.39) < .001
  1. aModel 1 only ethnicity; Model 2 ethnicity and socio-demographics; Model 3 ethnicity and trauma; Model 4 ethnicity and internalizing problems; Model 5 ethnicity and externalizing problems; Model 6 all independent variables