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Table 1 General characteristics of the study population

From: Factors associated with mental health consultation in South Korea

Variables Total   Mental health consultation   P-value*
  YES NO  
N % N % N %
Total 13,269 100.0 2120 16.0 11,149 84.0  
Educational level - ISCED 0.0005
 Low 4832 36.4 704 14.6 4128 85.4
 Medium 1606 12.1 295 18.4 1311 81.6
 High 4119 31.0 700 17.0 3419 83.0
 College or over 2712 20.4 421 15.5 2291 84.5
Age <.0001
 19–29 1305 9.8 210 16.1 1095 83.9
 30–39 1745 13.2 292 16.7 1453 83.3
 40–49 2144 16.2 365 17.0 1779 83.0
 50–59 2695 20.3 453 16.8 2242 83.2
 60–69 2259 17.0 412 18.2 1847 81.8
 70≤ 3121 23.5 388 12.4 2733 87.6
Gender <.0001
 Male 4019 30.3 523 13.0 3496 87.0
 Female 9250 69.7 1597 17.3 7653 82.7
Household income level 0.0129
 Quartile 1 (lowest) 3518 26.5 536 15.2 2982 84.8
 Quartile 2 3349 25.2 595 17.8 2754 82.2
 Quartile 3 3048 23.0 468 15.4 2580 84.6
 Quartile 4 (highest) 3354 25.3 521 15.5 2833 84.5
Region 0.7874
 Capital (Seoul, Gyeonggi) 4366 32.9 705 16.1 3661 83.9
 Urban 2604 19.6 423 16.2 2181 83.8
 Rural area 6299 47.5 992 15.7 5307 84.3
Marital status <.0001
 Married-cohabit 7638 57.6 1178 15.4 6460 84.6
 Married-no cohabit 449 3.4 72 16.0 377 84.0
 Bereaved 2440 18.4 364 14.9 2076 85.1
 Divorced 908 6.8 198 21.8 710 78.2
 Unmarried 1834 13.8 308 16.8 1526 83.2
Occupation <.0001
 High-skilled white collar 1756 13.2 215 12.2 1541 87.8
 Low-skilled white collar 1499 11.3 234 15.6 1265 84.4
 High-skilled blue collar 1528 11.5 194 12.7 1334 87.3
 Low-skilled blue collar 1469 11.1 193 13.1 1276 86.9
 Others 7017 52.9 1284 18.3 5733 81.7
Physical activity 0.0265
 Inactive 8932 67.3 1471 16.5 7461 83.5
 Active 4337 32.7 649 15.0 3688 85.0
Smoking status 0.3816
 Never or former 10,807 81.4 1741 16.1 9066 83.9
 Current 2462 18.6 379 15.4 2083 84.6
Alcohol consumption 0.0023
 Never or former 5289 39.9 908 17.2 4381 82.8
 Current (within a year) 7980 60.1 1212 15.2 6768 84.8
Stress level <.0001
 Very 8441 63.6 1590 18.8 6851 81.2
 Little 4114 31.0 451 11.0 3663 89.0
 No 714 5.4 79 11.1 635 88.9
Suicidal Thought <.0001
 Yes 7295 55.0 1472 20.2 5823 79.8
 No 5974 45.0 648 10.8 5326 89.2
Sleeping duration 0.1173
 Less than 7 h 7400 55.8 1193 16.1 6207 83.9
 7–8 h 5162 38.9 797 15.4 4365 84.6
 9 h or over 707 5.3 130 18.4 577 81.6
Perceived health status <.0001
 Good 2488 18.8 262 10.5 2226 89.5
 Normal 4810 36.2 687 14.3 4123 85.7
 Bad 5971 45.0 1171 19.6 4800 80.4
  1. * P-values calculated by the chi-square test