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Table 2 Factors associated with mental health consultation a

From: Factors associated with mental health consultation in South Korea

Variables Mental health consultation
  Adjusted OR 95%CI
Educational level - ISCED
 Low 1.00
 Medium 1.32 (1.09–1.60)
 High 1.35 (1.12–1.63)
 College or over 1.49 (1.21–1.84)
Age
 19–29 1.00
 30–39 0.89 (0.71–1.13)
 40–49 0.88 (0.69–1.13)
 50–59 0.80 (0.61–1.04)
 60–69 0.86 (0.64–1.17)
 70≤ 0.46 (0.33–0.64)
Gender
 Male 1.00
 Female 1.19 (1.02–1.38)
Household income level
 Quartile 1 (lowest) 1.00
 Quartile 2 1.12 (0.96–1.31)
 Quartile 3 1.16 (0.97–1.37)
 Quartile 4 (highest) 1.17 (0.98–1.41)
Region
 Capital(Seoul, Gyeonggi) 1.00
 Urban 0.98 (0.85–1.14)
 Rural area 0.99 (0.88–1.12)
Marital status
 Married-cohabit 1.00
 Married-no cohabit 1.29 (0.95–1.73)
 Bereaved 1.23 (1.04–1.47)
 Divorced 1.32 (1.08–1.62)
 Unmarried 1.12 (0.91–1.38)
Occupation
 High-skilled white collar 1.00
 Low-skilled white collar 1.08 (0.86–1.35)
 High-skilled blue collar 0.92 (0.66–1.27)
 Low-skilled blue collar 1.00 (0.78–1.27)
 Others 1.54 (1.28–1.86)
Physical activity
 Inactive 1.00
 Active 1.13 (0.99–1.28)
Smoking status
 Never or former 1.00
 Current 0.98 (0.83–1.15)
Alcohol consumption
 Never or former 1.00
 Current (within a year) 0.81 (0.71–0.93)
Stress level
 Very 1.00
 Little 0.65 (0.57–0.75)
 No 0.78 (0.58–1.07)
Suicidal Thought
 Yes 2.15 (1.89–2.43)
 No 1.00
Sleeping duration
 Less than 7 h 1.00
 7–8 h 1.07 (0.95–1.20)
 9 h or over 1.13 (0.91–1.41)
Perceived health status
 Good 1.00
 Normal 1.31 (1.11–1.55)
 Bad 1.89 (1.58–2.26)
  1. a Logistic regression analysis was used to determine odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A total of 13,269 participants were included in the analysis. An example of how to interpret this figure is as follows: ‘respondents who received a college or over education are more likely to receive mental health consultation for depressive symptoms (OR = 1.49; 95% CI: 1.21–1.84), compared with respondents with low educational level’