Skip to main content

Table 2 Self reported previous health condition and use of health care services

From: Patients admitted to hospital after suicide attempt with violent methods compared to patients with deliberate self-poisoning -a study of background variables, somatic and psychiatric health and suicidal behavior

Patients, n (%) Violent methods N = 80 Deliberate self-poisoning N = 81 p-value
Karnofsky scoreb 93 96.7 p < 0.05
(0 min- 100 max) (90.0–95.8) (94.9–98.4)  
Previous somatic diseasea 39 (49) 44 (54) ns (0.5)
Previous episode of self-harm 59 (74) 58 (72) Ns (0.9)
Poisoning - all 39 (49) 47 (58) ns (0.2)
 Once 12 (15) 23 (28)  
 Twice or three 14 (18) 12 (15)  
 More than three 13 (16) 12 (15)  
Cutting - all 30 (38) 29 (36) ns (0.8)
 Once 13 (16) 12 (15)  
 Twice or three 6 (8) 5 (6)  
 More than three 11 (14) 12 (15)  
Other- all 23 (29) 16 (20) ns (0.2)
 Once 14 (18) 8 (10)  
 Twice or three 6 (7) 1 (1)  
 More than three 3 (4) 7 (9)  
Time since previous self-harm
  < 1 month 19 (24) 32 (40) p < 0.05
 1–2 months 4 (5) 1 (1)  
 3–5 months 10 (13) 0 (0)  
 6–12 months 5 (9) 5 (6)  
 1–4 year 9 (11) 9 (11)  
  > 4 years 12 (15) 11 (14)  
Earlier episode of self-harm; − considered as suicide attempt 46 (58) 38 (47) ns (0.4)
Last suicide attempt before the current hospitalization
 Less than a week 12 (15) 22 (27) p < 0.05
  < 1 month 4 (5) 5 (6)  
 1–2 months 8 (10) 2 (3)  
 3–12 months 9 (11) 2 (3)  
 1–4 years 23 (29) 20 (25)  
Received psychiatric treatment before the current suicide attempt 38 (48) 44 (54) ns (0.3)
Contact with GP 56 (70) 65 (80) ns (0.1)
Frequency, last year
 Once 11 (14) 7 (9)  
 Twice or three 15 (19) 18 (22)  
 Four or five 11 (14) 16 (20)  
 More than five times 19 (24) 24 (30)  
Last contact with GP before suicide attempt < 1 week 14 (18) 20 (25) ns (0.5)
 1–2 weeks 13 (16) 6 (7)  
 2–4 weeks 15 (19) 14 (17)  
 1–5 months 16 (20) 19 (24)  
 6 months or more 17 (21) 18 (22)  
Reason for attending GP
 Physical disease 18 (23) 23 (28) ns (0.2)
 Psychiatric disorder 30 (38) 27 (33)  
 Physical and psychiatric disease 24 (30) 29 (36)  
When you attended GP, were you planning to harm yourself?
 In a way 24 (30) 21 (26) ns (0.6)
 Yes, definitely 12 (15) 8 (10)  
Did you mention that you had thoughts about self-harming?
 Indicated it 16 (20) 12 (15) ns (0.8)
 Yes 9 (11) 9 (11)  
Earlier treatment in psychiatric ward? 37 (46) 32 (40) ns (0.4)
Once 13 (16) 12 (15)  
 2–3 times 10 (13) 12 (15)  
  > 3 times 14 (18) 8 (10)  
Earlier treatment at district psychiatric center? 44 (55) 39 (48) ns (0.4)
 Once 16 (20) 11 (14)  
 2–3 times 7 (9) 13 (16)  
  > 3 times 21 (26) 15 (19)  
What do you see as the main cause of this hospital admission?
I wanted to die 49 (62) 45 (55) p < 0.05
escape from problems 12 (15) 23 (28)  
affect relationships to someone 1 (1) 4 (5)  
accident/intoxication 5 (6)  
don’t remember 5 (6) 2 (2)  
don’t want to state the reason 5 (6) 2 (2)  
others 3 (4) 5 (6)  
  1. aPrevious somatic disease; heart-, lung-, stomach/digestive-, diabetes/hormone disease, cancer, HIV or other somatic disease
  2. bGP General practitioner