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Table 4 Clinical data according to violent method

From: Patients admitted to hospital after suicide attempt with violent methods compared to patients with deliberate self-poisoning -a study of background variables, somatic and psychiatric health and suicidal behavior

  Hanging Drowning Firearms Cutting Jumping Othersa
Admitted OUS with violent methods n = 159 Deathb n (%) 4 (2.5) 1 (0.6) 4 (2.5) 1 (0.6) 6 (3.8) 1 (0.6)
Included patientsc n = 80, (%) 11 (14%) 3 (4%) 6 (7%) 27 (34%) 25 (32%) 8 (10%)
Length of stay hospital (days) mean (min-max) 2.8 (0.5–8.6) 2.5 (0.2–6.0) 10.5 (3.2–25.8) 6.7 (0.4–43.5) 22.4 (0.7–119) 39.8 (0.4–143.7)
Length of stay Intensive care unit (days) mean (min-max) 1.7 (0.2–7.0) 2.5 (0.3–6.0) 9.0 (1.1–22.5) 2.0 (0.4–8.7) 8.7 (0.4–55) 1.8 (0.3–3.8)
Mechanical ventilation (days) mean (min-max) 0.6 (0.0–5.0) 1.3 (0.0–5.3) 2.0 (0.1–9.0) 0.4 (0.0–5.0) 2.5 (0.0–13.0) 0.8 (0.0–2.0)
Karnofsky score mean (min-max) 100d 90 (70–100) 100d 90.9 (60–100) 95.5 (70–100) 78,8 (60–100)
GCSe mean (CI) 12.5 (9.9–15.0) 9.3 (5.6–24.3) 12.2 (7.5–16.9) 14.2 (13.2–15.1) 12.0 (10.1–13.9) 11.9 (7.3–16.5)
ISSf range (min-max) 15 (1–27) 19 (5–25) 9 (1–26) 26 (1–57) 16 (10–29)
SAPS IIg range (min-max) 13 (2–23) 22 (18–27) 28 (14–52) 21 (7–37) 21 (4–46) 19 (9–28)
  1. aOthers: car, fire, acid, jumping in front of train/car
  2. bMortality in hospitalization. Data from patients admitted OUS with violent methods, n = 159
  3. cData from included patients with violent methods (n = 80) with percentages (CI) or range
  4. dNo variation
  5. eGCS Glasgow Coma Scale (3 min, 15 max)
  6. fISS Injury Severity Score measures the severity of injuries
  7. gSAPS II Simplified Acute Physiology Score is classifying the worst value of physiological variables within the first 24 h