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Table 2 Frequency of use of coping strategies by women with symptoms of PPD (n = 385)

From: Coping strategies of women with postpartum depression symptoms in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional community study

Coping strategies Mean(SD) Not at all or a little bit A medium amount A lot
Emotion-focused coping strategies
 I’ve been praying or meditating. 2.24 (0.83) 96 (24.9) 97 (25.2) 192 (49.9)
 I’ve been trying to find comfort in my religion or spiritual beliefs. 1.95 (0.87) 156 (40.5) 89 (23.1) 140 (36.4)
 I’ve been getting comfort and understanding from someone. 1.84 (0.84) 171 (44.4) 102 (26.5) 112 (29.1)
 I’ve been accepting the reality of the fact that it has happened. 1.48 (0.76) 261 (67.8) 61 (15.8) 63 (16.4)
 I’ve been looking for something good in what is happening. 1.46 (0.75) 269 (69.9) 54 (14) 62 (16.1)
 I’ve been trying to see it in a different light, to make it seem more positive. 1.44 (0.74) 273 (70.9) 53 (13.8) 59 (15.3)
 I’ve been learning to live with it. 1.37 (0.67) 284 (73.8) 59 (15.3) 42 (10.9)
 I’ve been making jokes about it. 1.10 (0.42) 361(93.8) 8(2.1) 16(4.2)
 I’ve been making fun of the situation. 1.12 (0.42) 359(93.2) 10(2.6) 16(4.2)
Problem-focused coping strategies
 I’ve been taking action to try to make the situation better. 1.79 (0.82) 178 (46.2) 109 (28.3) 98 (25.5)
 I’ve been trying to get advice or help from other people about what to do. 1.65 (0.82) 219 (56.9) 78 (20.3) 88 (22.9)
 I’ve been concentrating my efforts on doing something about the situation I’m in. 1.63 (0.80) 222 (57.7) 82 (21.3) 81 (21)
 I’ve been thinking hard about what steps to take. 1.67 (0.79) 206 (53.5) 100 (26) 79 (20.5)
 I’ve been trying to come up with a strategy about what to do. 1.62 (0.79) 221 (57.4) 88 (22.9) 76 (19.7)
 I’ve been getting help and advice from other people. 1.41 (0.71) 276 (71.7) 58 (15.1) 51 (13.2)
 I’ve been getting emotional support from others. 1.48 (0.78) 269 (69.9) 47 (12.2) 69 (17.9)
Avoidance/ dysfunctional coping strategies
 I’ve been turning to work or other activities to take my mind off things. 1.68 (0.87) 288 (59.2) 50 (13) 107 (27.8)
 I’ve been doing something to think about it less, such as going to movies, watching TV, reading, daydreaming, sleeping, or shopping. 1.73 (0.86) 207 (53.5) 73 (19) 105 (27.3)
 I’ve been saying things to let my unpleasant feelings escape. 1.52 (0.77) 250 (64.9) 68 (17.7) 67 (17.4)
 I’ve been blaming myself for things that happened. 1.54 (0.77) 242 (62.9) 76 (19.7) 67 (17.4)
 I’ve been criticizing myself. 1.51 (0.76) 253 (65.7) 67 (17.4) 65 (16.9)
 I’ve been saying to myself “this isn’t real”. 1.38 (0.70) 287 (74.5) 47 (12.2) 51 (13.2)
 I’ve been expressing my negative feelings. 1.37 (0.69 291 (75.6) 45 (11.7) 49 (12.7)
 I’ve been refusing to believe that it has happened. 1.34 (0.69) 300 (77.9) 37 (9.6) 48 (12.5)
 I’ve been giving up trying to deal with it. 1.26 (0.60) 316(82.1) 37(9.6) 32(8.3)
 I’ve been giving up the attempt to cope. 1.21 (0.55) 329(85.5) 30(7.8) 26(6.8)
 I’ve been using alcohol or other drugs to make myself feel better. 1.08 (0.37) 366(95.1) 6(1.6) 13(3.4)
 I’ve been using alcohol or other drugs to help me get through it. 1.06 (0.31) 369(95.8) 8(2.1) 8(2.1)