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Table 2 Prevalence of mental disorders in wave 1 (age 19–29 years, n = 597 men and 1026 women)

From: Prevalence and stability of mental disorders among young adults: findings from a longitudinal study

  Men and women Men Women Ratio (women/men) of 12-month prevalence estimates (95% CI)
  12 month prevalence
(95% CI)
Two-week prevalence
(95% CI)
12 month prevalence
(95% CI)
Two-week prevalence
(95% CI)
12 month prevalence
(95% CI)
Two-week prevalence
(95% CI)
MDD 6.2
5.0–7.4
1.3
0.7–1.8
4.4
2.8–6.3
0.8
0.2–1.6
7.2
5.5–8.8
1.6
0.9–2.4
 
Dysthymia 1.7
1.1–2.4
1.4
0.8–2.0
     
Any mood disorder a 7.3
5.9–8.6
2.3
1.5–3.0
4.9
3.2–6.8
1.2
0.4–2.2
8.7
6.7–10.6
2.9
1.9–4.0
1.79***
1.19–2.68
Any anxiety disorder W1 b 20.4
18.3–22.7
15.2
13.5–17.3
9.6
7.0–12.4
5.9
4.2–8.2
26.7
23.7–29.7
20.7
18.1–23.5
 
Any anxiety disorder W1–2 c 19.8
17.7–22.0
14.8
13.0–16.7
9.3
7.0–12.3
5.7
4.0–7.9
26.0
23.1–29.0
20.1
17.4–22.7
2.80***
2.13–3.68
Any anxiety disorder W1–2 excluding specific phobias d 5.3
4.2–6.6
3.2
2.3–4.1
2.5
1.3–4.2
1.3
0.5–2.6
6.9
5.3–8.7
4.2
3.0–5.7
 
Specific phobias 16.9
14.9–19.0
12.4
10.8–14.1
7.6
5.5–10.2
4.9
3.3–6.9
22.3
19.5–25.0
16.8
14.5–19.2
 
Panic disorder 1.5
1.0–2.2
0.4
0.1–0.7
     
Agoraphobia without panic 1.4
0.9–2.0
1.1
0.6–1.7
     
Social phobia 2.3
1.7–3.3
1.8
1.2–2.7
     
GAD 1.2
0.7–1.9
0.4
0.1–0.7
     
OCD 0.3
0.1–0.6
0.2
0.1–0.4
     
PTSD 1.2
0.7–1.8
0.7
0.4–1.2
     
Alcohol abuse 2.8
2.0–3.7
0.9
0.5–1.5
     
Alcohol Dependence 4.7
3.6–5.8
2.1
1.4–2.8
     
AUD 6.0
4.8–7.3
2.7
1.9–3.6
8.7
6.5–11.3
3.7
2.3–5.4
4.4
3.2–5.7
2.0
1.2–3.0
0.50***
0.34–0.74
Any mental disorder W1 e 27.8
25.4–30.3
18.6
16.7–20.6
19.8
16.4–23.4
9.7
7.3–12.4
32.4
29.4–35.7
23.8
21.1–26.6
 
Any mental disorder W1–2 f 27.6
25.3–30.2
18.2
16.2–20.1
19.8
16.4–23.4
9.5
7.1–12.2
32.2
29.2–35.4
23.3
20.7–26.0
1.63***
1.35–1.96
Any mental disorder W1–2 excluding specific phobias g 15.3
13.5–17.5
7.3
6.0–8.8
14.3
11.2–17.3
5.6
3.7–7.7
15.9
13.6–18.5
8.3
6.5–10.3
 
  1. Legends: *** p < 0.001, MDD Major depressive disorder, GAD Generalized anxiety disorder, OCD Obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder, AUD Alcohol use disorders, i.e. alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse
  2. CI Confidence interval. 95% CIs are based on standard errors obtained from bootstrapping (1000 replications), bias corrected for skewness in the bootstrap distribution, and adjusted for cluster-effects among twins
  3. aMDD and/or dysthymia
  4. bPanic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, specific phobias, social phobia, GAD, OCD, and/or PTSD
  5. cPanic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, specific phobias, social phobia and/or GAD
  6. dPanic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia and/or GAD
  7. eAny mood disorder, Any anxiety disorder W1, AUD
  8. fAny mood disorder, Any anxiety disorder W1–2, AUD
  9. gAny mood disorder, Any anxiety disorder W1–2 excluding specific phobias, AUD
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