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Table 3 Prevalence of mental disorders in wave 2 (age 30–42 years, n = 457 men and 850 women)

From: Prevalence and stability of mental disorders among young adults: findings from a longitudinal study

  Men and women Men Women Ratio (women/men) of 12-month prevalence estimates (95% CI)
12 month prevalence
(95% CI)
Two-week prevalence
(95% CI)
12 month prevalence
(95% CI)
Two-week prevalence
(95% CI)
12 month prevalence
(95% CI)
Two-week prevalence
(95% CI)
MDD 5.0
3.8–6.3
1.1
0.6–1.7
3.3
1.9–5.2
0.9
0.2–1.9
5.9
4.3–7.5
1.2
0.6–2.0
 
Dysthymia 1.9
1.2–3.0
0.9
0.5–1.5
     
Any mood disordera 5.8
4.6–7.3
1.6
1.0–2.4
3.7
2.3–5.9
1.1
0.2–2.3
7.0
5.3–8.7
1.9
1.1–3.0
1.87**
1.10–3.17
Any anxiety disorder W1–2b 16.1
13.9–18.4
8.3
6.8–9.7
5.9
4.0–8.2
2.9
1.5–4.7
21.6
18.6–24.6
11.2
9.0–13.2
3.63***
2.46–5.35
Any anxiety disorder W1–2 excluding specific phobiasc 6.5
5.2–8.0
2.6
1.8–3.7
2.6
1.3–4.3
0.9
0.2–1.9
8.5
6.7–10.7
3.5
2.4–5.0
 
Specific phobias 12.3
10.3–14.3
6.5
5.2–7.9
4.1
2.4–6.1
2.2
1.0–3.9
16.8
14.1–19.5
8.8
6.9–10.8
 
Panic disorder 2.1
1.4–3.0
0.5
0.2–1.1
     
Agoraphobia without panic 1.2
0.6–1.9
0.6
0.2–1.2
     
Social phobia 3.9
2.9–5.2
1.4
0.7–2.1
     
GAD 1.5
0.9–2.2
0.5
0.2–0.9
     
AUD 2.7
1.8–3.7
1.2
0.7–1.8
5.3
3.2–7.2
2.4
1.2–4.0
1.3
0.7–2.2
0.5
0.1–1.0
0.25**
0.12–0.50
Any mental disorder W1–2d 20.9
18.6–23.3
10.0
8.3–11.7
12.9
9.8–16.3
5.8
3.8–8.1
25.3
22.1–28.6
12.3
10.3–14.5
1.96***
1.50–2.55
Any mental disorder W1–2 excluding specific phobiase 12.4
10.5–14.4
4.9
3.6–6.2
10.0
7.3–12.6
4.2
2.5–6.2
13.7
11.4–16.3
5.2
3.7–6.9
 
  1. Legends: ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001, MDD Major depressive disorder, GAD Generalized anxiety disorder, AUD Alcohol use disorders, i.e. alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse
  2. CI Confidence interval. 95% CIs are based on standard errors obtained from bootstrapping (1000 replications), bias corrected for skewness in the bootstrap distribution and adjusted for cluster-effects among twins
  3. aMDD and/or dysthymia
  4. bPanic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, specific phobias, social phobia and/or GAD
  5. cPanic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia and/or GAD
  6. dAny mood disorder, Any anxiety disorder W1–2, AUD
  7. eAny mood disorder, Any anxiety disorder W1–2 excluding specific phobias, AUD
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