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Table 1 Characteristics of Healthy Participants and Patients with Schizophrenia

From: Schizophrenia alters intra-network functional connectivity in the caudate for detecting speech under informational speech masking conditions

  Patients Healthy Participants Statistics
Characteristic (n = 19) (n = 15) t/χ2 p
Age(years±SD) 33.05 (10.01) 30.13 (9.43) 0.54 0.591
Male% (n) 59.00 (11) 47.00 (7) 1.15 0.811
Education(years±SD) 12.89 (3.07) 14.73 (2.81) 1.67 0.105
MID (years±SD) 7.79 (6.56) NA  
PANSS total 53.68 (5.66) NA  
 PANSS positive 15.21 (4.33) NA  
 PANSS negative 10.84 (4.00) NA  
 PANSS general 27.89 (3.89) NA  
FD 0.19 (0.06) 0.16 (0.11) 0.78 0.443
Diagnostic subtype N   
Paranoid 7   
Non-paranoid 12   
Medication
typical 9   
atypical 16   
Typical/atypical* 6   
Chlorpromazine
Equivalent
Mean:574.00
SD:346.34
Range:200–1600
  
  1. SD: Standard deviation; PANSS: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale; MID: Mean illness duration; FD = frame-wise displacement; NA: not applicable; N = number of participants * Note that 6 patients received 2 different antipsychotic medications