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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the included patients according to level of depression. Depression severity was measured by the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)

From: The effect of trauma and alcohol on the relationship between level of cytokines and depression among patients entering psychiatric treatment

Variable Minimal or mild depressiona   Moderate depression   Severe depression   
n = 28 (21.9%) % / SD n = 42 (32.8%) % / SD n = 58 (45.3%) % / SD Sig.b
Demography
 Women n (%) 20 71.4 28 66.7 44 75.9 0.600
 Age (years) Mean (SD) 39.4 10.8 44.2 12.0 41.3 11.7 0.210
Alcohol use
 AUDIT scorec Mean (SD) 4.70 4.1 6.7 5.4 3.7 4.3 0.009 d
Medication
 Anti-inflammatory drug (any) n (%) 5 17.9 5 11.9 9 15.5 0.775
 Antidepressants (any) n (%) 9 32.1 12 28.6 22 37.9 0.609
History of trauma
 Childhood trauma n (%) 15 62.5 23 62.2 25 48.1 0.316
 Adult trauma n (%) 16 66.7 16 43.2 28 53.8 0.199
 Any trauma n (%) 19 79.2 26 70.3 39 73.6 0.743
Main diagnosise
 Mood disorder n (%) 8 34.8 14 36.8 10 19.2 0.139
 Anxiety disorder n (%) 12 52.2 17 44.7 26 50 0.825
 Eating disorder n (%) 3 13.6 5 13.2 14 26.9 0.181
 MDD (ICD-10, F33)f n (%) 3 10.7 5 11.9 3 5.2 0.447
  1. Notes: a14 of these patients scored 13 or less in the BDI-II, indicating that they were not depressed, and were classified with minimal depression. bSignificance for categorical variables was tested with Pearson’s chi-square test, and for continuous variables with Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA. cAUDIT: Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test. dAUDIT score was different across the levels of BDI-II. eMain diagnosis: Mood disorders: F30-F34, Anxiety disorders: F40-F44, Eating disorders: F50.0-F50.3. fMDD: Major Depression Disorder, as classified by the ICD-10