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Table 4 Demographic factors related to loneliness in suicides cases and living controls

From: The validity of proxy-based data on loneliness in suicide research: a case-control psychological autopsy study in rural China

  Suicide cases (n = 242) Living controls (n = 242)
Variable ULS-6
Mean (SD)
t P ULS-6
Mean (SD)
t P
Marital status   3.539 0.000   3.925 0.000
 Currently married 14.44 (5.20)    10.35 (3.78)   
 Non-currently married 16.67 (4.55)    12.50 (4.15)   
Living alone   5.082 0.000   3.565 0.000
 Yes 18.14 (4.47)    13.17 (4.50)   
 No 14.61 (4.86)    10.62 (3.81)   
Being left-behind   2.587 0.010   3.125 0.002
 Yes 17.37 (5.21)    13.32 (4.34)   
 No 15.17 (4.89)    10.72 (3.89)   
  1. There was no significant difference on the ULS-6 score between different groups of gender, age groups, education, and employment (p > 0.05)