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Table 5 Correlations of the ULS-6 to validating scales in suicide cases and living controls

From: The validity of proxy-based data on loneliness in suicide research: a case-control psychological autopsy study in rural China


Suicide cases (n = 242)

Living controls (n = 242)

ULS-6 (Spearman’s rho)

ULS-6 (Spearman’s rho)

GDS score



QOL score



DSSI score



  1. aCorrelation is significant at the 0.01 level