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Table 4 Indirect and total effects in the revised structural equation model for non-cardiac chest pain patients with or without history of cardiac disease

From: The associations between psychological distress and healthcare use in patients with non-cardiac chest pain: does a history of cardiac disease matter?

  Depressive symptoms Somatization Fear of body sensations Cardiac anxiety Healthcare visits
Indirect Total Indirect Total Indirect Total Indirect Total Indirect Total
Patients with history of cardiac disease, n = 188
 Depressive symptoms 0.83 0.79 0.79 0.30 0.85 0.62 0.62
 Somatization 0.95 0.36 0.36 0.26 0.26
 Fear of body sensations 0.38 0.28 0.28
 Cardiac anxiety 0.72
Patients with no history of cardiac disease, n = 360
 Depressive symptoms 0.84 0.47 0.47 0.11 0.70 0.33 0.33
 Somatization 0.56 0.13 0.13 0.06 0.06
 Fear of body sensations 0.24 0.11 0.11
 Cardiac anxiety 0.46