Skip to main content

Table 2 Sample characteristics and suicidality

From: Associations between health-related self-efficacy and suicidality

  Life time suicide ideation OR (95% CI); p value Suicide attempt OR (95% CI); p value Future suicide intent OR (95% CI); p value
No n (%) Yes n (%)   No n (%) Yes n (%)   No n (%) Yes n (%)  
Gender
 Female 955 (85.1) 167 (14.9) Ref 1086 (96.8) 36 (3.2) Ref 1105 (98.5) 17 (1.5) Ref
 Male 889 (90.0) 99 (10.0) 0.6 (0.5–0.8); p = 0.001 968 (98.0) 20 (2) 0.6 (0.4–1.1); p = 0.10 972 (98.4) 18 (1.8) 1.0 (0.5–2.1); p = 0.86
Age
 15–29 382 (90.1) 42 (9.9) Ref 415 (97.9) 9 (2.1) Ref 421 (99.3) 3 (0.7) Ref
 30–59 947 (86.0) 154 (14.0) 1.5 (1.0–2.1); p = 0.03 1074 (97.5) 27 (2.5) 1.2 (0.5–2.5); p = 0.70 1080 (98.1) 21 (1.9) 2.7 (0.8–9.1); p = 0.10
 60 & above 515 (88.0) 70 (12.0) 1.2 (0.8–1.8); p = 0.30 565 (96.6) 20 (3.4) 1.6 (0.7–3.6); p = 0.22 576 (98.5) 9 (1.5) 2.1 (0.6–8.1); p = 0.24
Education
 School level 1016 (86.6) 157 (13.4) 1.0 1130 (96.3) 43 (3.7) 1.0 1152 (98.2) 21 (1.8) 1.0
 College & above 828 (88.4) 109 (11.6) 0.9 (0.7–1.1); p = 0.23 924 (98.6) 13 (1.4) 0.4 (0.2–0.7); p = 0..001 925 (98.7) 12 (1.3) 0.7 (0.3–1.5); p = 0.38
Marital status
 Single/Married 1742 (88.0) 237 (12.0) 1.0 1936 (97.8) 43 (2.2) 1.0 1947 (98.4) 32 (1.6) 1.0
 Divorced/Widowed/ Separated 97 (77.0) 29 (23.0) 2.2 (1.4–3.4); p = 0.001 113 (89.7) 13 (10.3) 5.2 (2.7–9.9), p < 0.001 125 (99.2) 1 (0.8) 0.5 (0.06–3.5); p = 0.71
Substance abuse
 No 1810 (88.3) 239 (11.7) 1.0 2001 (97.7) 48 (2.3) 1.0 2021 (98.4) 28 (1.4) 1.0
 Yes 34 (55.7) 27 (44.3) 6.0 (3.5–10.1); p < 0.001 53 (86.9) 8 (13.1) 6.3 (2.8–13.9); p < 0.001 56 (91.8) 5 (8.2) 6.4 (2.4–17.3); p = 0.002
Psychological distress
 No 1608 (90.6) 166 (9.4) 1.0 1746 (98.4) 28 (1.6) 1.0 1763 (99.4) 11 (0.6) 1.0
 Yes 217 (69.1) 96 (30.9) 4.3 (3.2–5.7); p < 0.001 286 (91.1) 28 (8.9) 6.1 (3.5–10.4); p < 0.001 132 (89.2) 20 (6.4) 10.9 (5.1–22.9); p < 0.001
Poor Self-rated mental health
 No 1616 (89.9) 181 (10.1) 1.0 1767 (98.3) 30 (1.7) 1.0 1784 (99.3) 13 (0.7) 1.0
 Yes 221 (72.7) 83 (27.3) 3.3 (2.5–4.5); p < 0.001 279 (91.8) 25 (8.2) 5.3 (3.1–9.1); p < 0.001 284 (93.4) 20 (6.6) 9.7 (4.7–19.6); p < 0.001
Poor self-rated physical health
 No 1421 (90.7) 145 (9.3) 1.0 1538 (98.2) 28 (1.8) 1.0 1552 (99.1) 14 (0.8) 1.0
 Yes 418 (78.0) 118 (22.0) 2.7 (2.1–3.6); p < 0.001 509 (95.0) 27 (5.0) 2.9 (1.7–4.9); p < 0.001 518 (96.6) 18 (3.4) 3.9 (1.9–7.9); p < 0.001
Health self-efficacy score
  > =80 1265 (91.9) 111 (8.1) Ref 1358 (98.7) 18 (1.3) Ref 1371 (99.6) 5 (0.4) Ref
  < 80 515 (77.9) 146 (22.1) 3.2 (2.5–4.2); p < 0.001 627 (94.9) 34 (5.1) 4.1 (2.2–7.3) 635 (96.1) 26 (3.9) 11.2 (4.2–29.3)
  1. OR (95% CI) Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)