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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the main RCT sample, outcomes and care received

From: How is a specialist depression service effective for persistent moderate to severe depressive disorder?: a qualitative study of service user experience

  TAU SDS
(n = 94) (n = 93)
Age, mean (sd,) 46 (11.3) 47 (11.6)
Gender, female, n (%) 60 (64) 54 (58)
Employment status, n (%) [n = 91] [n = 90]
 Full-time employment 22 (26) 17 (19)
 Other employmenta 11 (12) 10 (11)
 Retired 10 (11) 16 (18)
 Unemployed 37 (41) 36 (40)
 Married or co-habiting, n (%) 50 (53) 42 (45)
 Years since first diagnosis of depression mean (sd) 16.9 (11.6) 16.5 (11.1)
 Depressed > 1 year, n (%) 82 (87) 80 (86)
 HDRS17, baseline mean (sd) 23.2 (5.8) 22.0 (4.5)
 6 month mean (95% CI) drop −3.76(−5.45, −2.07) −4.77(−6.32, − 3.22)
 12 month mean (95% CI) drop −4.99(− 7.04, − 2.94) −7.44(− 8.98, − 5.90)
 18 month mean (95% CI drop)* −6.00(− 8.13, − 3.87) −8.96(− 10.64, − 7.28)
 GAF, baseline mean (sd) 47.7 (9.4) 49.3 (6.8)
 6 month mean (95% CI) gain 4.61(1.51, 7.70) 5.93(3.08, 8.79)
 12 month mean (95% CI) gain 5.14(1.99, 8.28) 9.26(6.31, 12.21)
 18 month mean (95% CI) gain** 5.60(2.17, 9.03) 9.42(6.53, 12.31)
Median (range) number of appointments
 With psychiatrist, 0–18 months 8 (0–45) 17 (0–92)
 With psychotherapist, 0–18 month 4.5 (0–49) 18 (0–67)
  1. HDRS17 17 item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale
  2. GAF Global Assessment of Function
  3. *SDS significantly more effective than TAU p = 0.015
  4. **SDS non-significantly more effective than TAU, p = 0.113
  5. SDS = Specialist Depression Service; TAU = treatment as usual
  6. aOther employment: part-time, sheltered and voluntary employment and higher education