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Table 2 Prevalence of psychiatric problems and consequences in Qatar, Lebanon and the USA, in weighted percentage (Standard error)

From: Selected psychiatric problems among college students in two Arab countries: comparison with the USA

  Education City (n = 351) Qatar University (n = 434) American University of Beirut (n = 167) Arab Universities combined (n = 952) University of Michigan (n = 889) p-value
Major Depression (PHQ-9)
 No (0–11) 59.5 (4.1) 68.0 (2.7) 61.4 (4.1) 65.4 (2.1) 87.2 (1.3) < 0.001
 Yes (≥12) 40.5 (4.1) 32.0 (2.7) 38.6 (4.1) 34.6 (2.1) 12.8 (1.3)
Generalized Anxiety (GAD-7)
 No (0–9) 61.7 (4.2) 65.8 (2.8) 60.6 (4.2) 63.9 (2.2) 84.1 (1.4) < 0.001
 Yes (≥10) 38.3 (4.2) 34.2 (2.8) 39.4 (4.2) 36.1 (2.2) 15.9 (1.4)
Eating disorder (SCOFF)
 No (0–2) 81.2 (4.2) 78.6 (2.4) 81.4 (3.2) 79.6 (1.8) 93.2 (0.9) < 0.001
 Yes (≥3) 18.8 (4.2) 21.4 (2.4) 18.6 (3.2) 20.4 (1.8) 6.8 (0.9)
Function impairments caused by depression
 Not at all difficult 20.6 (3.1) 26.1 (2.5) 24.1 (3.7) 25.2 (1.9) 40.9 (1.9) < 0.001
 Somewhat difficult 51.7 (4.2) 59.0 (2.8) 54.6 (4.2) 57.3 (2.2) 48.6 (2.0)
 Very difficult 18.4 (3.3) 11.3 (1.8) 15.0 (3.1) 12.9 (1.5) 9.2 (1.2)
 Extremely difficult 9.3 (2.7) 3.5 (1.0) 6.2 (1.9) 4.7 (0.9) 1.3 (0.4)
MH affected academic performance
 0 days 25.4 (3.3) 21.5 (2.5) 21.4 (3.5) 21.7 (1.9) 45.6 (1.9) < 0.001
 1–2 days 23.0 (3.6) 32.4 (2.8) 25.9 (3.8) 29.7 (2.1) 28.2 (1.7)
 3–5 days 19.0 (3.2) 24.4 (2.6) 23.2 (3.6) 23.7 (2.0) 16.1 (1.4)
  ≥ 6 days 32.6 (4.1) 21.6 (2.5) 29.5 (3.8) 24.8 (2.0) 10.2 (1.1)