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Table 2 Eating habits and physical activity in relation to the Athens Insomnia Scale and Beck Depression Inventory

From: Insomnia and depressive symptoms in relation to unhealthy eating behaviors in bariatric surgery candidates

  N Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II)
Eating snack-type foods
 Every day 66 7 (5–10) 15 (10–23)
 Occasionally 260 4 (3–8) ** 10 (5–15) ***
 Not at all 35 4 (2–8) ** 8 (4–14) ***
Statistics   p = 0.0001 p = 0.0000
Number of emotions associated with desire to eat
 3 or more 29 9 (6–13)
6 (3–9)
19 (11–25)
11 (6–16)
 < 3 214
Statistics   p = 0.0009 p = 0.0002
Night eating
 Every night 7 9 (3–13) 19 (12–21)
 Often 56 7 (4–11) ns 10 (6–20) ns
 Rarely 96 6 (3–9) ns 11 (7–16) ns
 Never 202 5 (3–7) * 10 (5–15) *
Statistics   p = 0.0009 p = 0.0131
Physical activity
 Inactive 50 7 (4–10) *** 14 (8–20) ***
 Low 185 5 (4–8) *** 11 (6–16) *
 Moderate 116 4 (3–9) ** 9 (5–14) ns
 High 10 2 (1–3) 3 (0–8)
Statistics   p = 0.0000 p = 0.0001
  1. Data are presented as median, interquartile range
  2. Analysis was performed using Kruskal-Wallis tests and Mann-Whitney rank tests, where appropriate; p values were considered significant when p > 0.05 (in bold); Post-hoc analyses were conducted to determine differences in AIS and BDI-II scores between the groups and group eating snack-type foods every day, group eating every night, group with high physical activity
  3. * p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, ns – non-significant