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Table 1 Meta-analyses of the prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among the general PLHA in China stratified by instrument and cutoff score

From: Prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Screening instrument and cutoff score No. of Studies No. Depressed Total No. Prevalence, % (95% CI) I2 (%) P value for heterogeneity
Beck Depression Inventory Score ≥ 10 1 21 28 75.0 (55.1, 89.3)
Beck Depression Inventory Score ≥ 16 1 65 145 44.8 (36.6, 53.3)
Beck Depression Inventory II Score ≥ 11 1 28 41 68.3 (51.9, 81.9)
Beck Depression Inventory II Score ≥ 14 4 457 920 49.3 (33.2, 65.5) 95.6 <  0.001
10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Score ≥ 10 2 139 268 51.9 (45.9, 57.8) 0 0.426
20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Score ≥ 16 5 1172 1752 60.9 (51.2, 69.8) 91.9 <  0.001
20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Score ≥ 17 1 197 409 48.2 (43.2, 53.1)
20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Score ≥ 20 1 150 406 36.9 (32.2, 41.8)
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Score ≥ 8 4 2929 4790 57.6 (36.7, 76.0) 98.6 <  0.001
24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale Score ≥ 8 1 38 142 26.8 (20.1, 34.6)
Psychological “Computerized Tomography”4.0 Vision 1 33 180 18.3 (13.0, 24.8)
9-item Patient Health Questionnaire Score ≥ 5 3 594 862 66.4 (46.9, 81.6) 96.5 <  0.001
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Score ≥ 10 1 149 370 40.3 (35.2, 45.5)
Structured Clinical Interview for the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders Axis I Disorders 1 22 60 36.7 (24.6, 50.1)
90-item Symptom Check List Score ≥ 2 7 532 867 57.4 (42.9, 70.7) 93.4 <  0.001
Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Score ≥ 50 10 985 2477 44.8 (36.3, 53.6) 93.8 <  0.001
Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Score ≥ 53 6 512 1107 46.0 (35.0, 57.5) 92.4 <  0.001
  1. PLHA people living with HIV/AIDS