Skip to main content

Table 2 Meta-analyses of the prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among PLHA in China stratified by study-level characteristics

From: Prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Characteristics No. of Studies No. Depressed Total No. Prevalence, % (95% CI) I2 (%) P value for heterogeneity Test for subgroup differences
        Q (df) P value
Geographic location        41.3 (7) <  0.001
 Central China 13 1836 3927 48.8 (40.3, 57.5) 96.3 <  0.001   
 Cross-region 4 2649 4279 65.7 (58.3, 72.4) 78.8 0.003   
 East China 14 927 2165 47.4 (38.5, 56.5) 93.3 <  0.001   
 North China 4 126 345 33.5 (22.9, 46.0) 79.9 0.002   
 Northeast 3 869 1242 67.8 (60.9, 74.0) 80.1 0.007   
 Northwest 1 45 103 43.7 (33.9, 53.8)   
 South China 7 1019 1831 52.0 (37.2, 66.5) 97.1 <  0.001   
 Southwest 4 552 932 55.7 (29.1, 79.4) 98.1 <  0.001   
Sample source        2.2 (1) 0.141
 Community-based 20 2773 4840 55.3 (47.0, 63.4) 96.5 <  0.001   
 Hospital-based 30 5250 9984 47.6 (41.7, 53.6) 96.3 <  0.001   
Total score        2.5 (1) 0.117
  < 3 points 12 504 1167 43.8 (34.4, 53.8) 90.2 <  0.001   
  ≥ 3 points 38 7519 13,657 52.9 (47.5, 58.2) 96.9 <  0.001   
  1. PLHA people living with HIV/AIDS