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Table 1 Variables associated with violent and non violent crimes, bivariate and multivariate analysis

From: High prevalence rates for multiple psychiatric conditions among inmates at French Guiana’s correctional facility: diagnostic and demographic factors associated with violent offending and previous incarceration

  Total Incarceration linked to violence N(%) Incarceration not linked to violence N(%) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI), P
Age in years Mean [SD] 707 29.6 [10.3] 31 [11.2] 1 (0.99–1.02) 1(0.98–1.02), P = 0.5
Sex
 Male
 Female
647
60
195 (98.5)
3(1.5)
452(88.8)
57(11.2)
8.2(2.5–26.5) 8 (2.4–26.4), P = 0.001
Antisocial disorder
 Yes
 No
245
462
67(33.8)
131 (66.2)
178 (35)
331(65)
0.9 (0.67–1.3) 0.9 (0.6–1.3), P = 0.5
Generalized anxiety disorder
 Yes
 No
182
525
39(19.7)
159(80.3)
143(28.1)
366(71.9)
0.6 (0.4–0.9) 0.5 (0.3–0.8), P = 0.006
Psychosis
 Yes
 No
51
656
23(11.6)
175(88.4)
28(5.5)
481(94.5)
2.2 (1.2–4) 2.4 (1.2–4.6), P = 0.01
Substance addiction
 Yes
 No
235
230
61(30.8)
197 (69.2)
174(34.2)
33(65.8)
0.8(0.6–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1), P = 0.05
Alcohol addiction
 Yes
 No
144
583
39(19.7)
159(80.3)
85(16.7)
424(83.3)
1.2 (0.8–1.8) 1.4 (0.86–2.2), P = 0.19
PTSD
 Yes
 No
107
600
40(20.2)
158(79.8)
67(13.1)
442(86.8)
1.7(1.1–2.6) 1.8 (1.08–3), P = 0.02
Social phobia
 Yes
 No
63
644
15(7.6)
183(92.4)
48(9.4)
461(90.6)
0.8 (0.4–1.44) 0.7 (0.4–1.5), P = 0.4
Agoraphobia
 Yes
 No
76
631
28(14.1)
170(85.9)
48(9.4)
461(90.6)
1.6 (0.96–2.6) 1.6 (0.9–2.9), P = 0.1
Panic attacks
 Yes
 No
48
659
15(7.6)
183(92.4)
33(6.5)
476(93.5)
1.2 (0.6–2.2) 1 (0.5–2), P = 0.9
Mania
 Yes
 No
26
681
5(2.5)
193(97.5)
21(4.1)
488(95.9)
0.6 (0.2–1.6) 0.4 (0.1–1.2), P = 0.1
Mood disorders
 Yes
 No
38
669
11(5.5)
187(94.5)
27(5.3)
482(94.7)
1 (0.5–2.1) 0.9 (0.4–2.2), P = 0.9
Suicidality
 Yes
 No
93
614
35(17.7)
163(82.3)
58(11.4)
451(88.6)
1.7 (1.05–2.6) 2.1 (1.2–3.8), P = 0.009
Depression
 Yes
 No
101
606
28(14.1)
170(85.9)
73 (14.3)
436(85.7)
1 (0.6–1.6) 0.8 (0.4–1.5), P = 0.5