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Table 2 Variables associated with previous incarcerations, bivariate and multivariate analysis

From: High prevalence rates for multiple psychiatric conditions among inmates at French Guiana’s correctional facility: diagnostic and demographic factors associated with violent offending and previous incarceration

  Total Previously incarcerated N(%) First incarceration N(%) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI), P
Age in years Mean [SD] 707 32 [10.5] 28.1 [10.3] 1 (0.99–1.02) 1.04(1.02–1.06), P < 0.001
Sex
 Male
 Female
647
60
333(96.8)
11(3.2)
314 86.5)
49(13.5)
4.7(2.4–9.2) 4.3 (2–9.1), P < 0.001
Antisocial disorder
 Yes
 No
245
462
162(47.1)
182 (52.8)
83 (22.9)
280(77.1)
3 (2.2–4.1) 2.6 (1.8–3.7), P < 0.001
Generalized anxiety disorder      
 Yes
 No
182
525
92(26.7)
252(73.3)
90(24.8)
273(75.2)
1.1 (0.8–1.5) 0.8 (0.5–1.3), P = 0.4
Psychosis
 Yes
 No
51
656
37(10.7)
307(89.3)
14(3.9)
349(96.1)
3 (1.6–5.7) 1.4 (0.7–2.9), P = 0.01
Substance addiction
 Yes
 No
235
472
153(44.5)
191 (55.52)
82(22.6)
281(77.4)
2.7(2–3.8) 1.9 (1.3–2.7), P = 0.001
Alcohol addiction
 Yes
 No
124
583
88(25.6)
256(74.4)
36(9.9)
327(90.1)
3.1 (2–4.7) 1.7 (1.1–2.8), P = 0.02
PTSD
 Yes
 No
107
600
64(18.6)
280(81.4)
43(11.9)
320(88.1)
1.7(1.1–2.6) 1.3 (0.8–2.2), P = 0.3
Social phobia
 Yes
 No
63
644
34(9.9)
310(90.1)
29(8)
334(92)
1.2 (0.74–2.1) 1.2 (0.6–2.3), P = 0.6
Agoraphobia
 Yes
 No
76
631
46(13.4)
298(86.4)
30(8.2)
333(91.8)
1.7 (1.05–2.8) 1.1 (0.6–2.1), P = 0.6
Panic attacks
 Yes
 No
48
659
27(7.9)
317(92.1)
21(5.8)
342(94.2)
1.4 (0.7–2.5) 0.8 (0.4–1.6), P = 0.5
Manic
 Yes
 No
26
681
18(5.2)
326(94.8)
8(2.2)
355(97.8)
2.56 (1.05–5.7) 1.3 (0.5–3.6), P = 0.5
Mood disorders
 Yes
 No
38
669
19(5.5)
325(94.5)
19(5.2)
344(94.8)
1.1 (0.5–2) 0.5 (0.2–1.2), P = 0.13
Suicidality
 Yes
 No
93
614
54(15.7)
290(84.3)
39(10.7)
324(89.3)
1.5 (0.99–2.4) 1.2 (0.7–2), P = 0.6
Depression
 Yes
 No
101
606
63 (18.3)
281(81.7)
38 (10.53)
325(89.5)
1.9 (1.2–3) 1.7 (0.96–3), P = 0.06