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Table 2 Scores of smart phone addiction and beck depression scales across sample characteristics

From: The relationship between addiction to smartphone usage and depression among adults: a cross sectional study

  Smart phone addiction (0–100) Beck depression (1–60)
%mean score ± SD Mean score ± SD
50.2 ± 20.25 13.6 ± 10.0
Gender
 Male 50.9 ± 22.2 13.3 ± 10.5
 Female 49.9 ± 19.2 13.8 ± 9.8
  t = 0.672, P = 0.502 t = − 0.806, P = 0.420
Age
 Young (18–35) 51.3 ± 20.5 14.2 ± 10.2
 Middle (36–54) 48.9 ± 19.6 12.9 ± 9.5
 Old (≥55) 40.2 ± 18.6 8.4 ± 8.96
  F = 4.301, df = 2, P = 0.014* F = 5.167, df = 2, P = 0.006*
Educational level   
 School 51.4 ± 20.9 15.7 ± 11.3
 University 49.9 ± 20.1 13.2 ± 9.6
  t = 0.724, P = 0.395 t = 8.786, P = 0.003*
Income
 Less than $1300 50.2 ± 20.6 14.6 ± 10.2
 Between $1300 & $3700 50.96 ± 19.8 13.4 ± 9.9
 More than $3700 49.1 ± 20.3 12.1 ± 9.5
  F = 0.522, df = 2, P = 0.594 F = 4.221, df = 2, P = 0.015*
  1. t = Student’s t-test; F = one-way ANOVA
  2. Abbreviations: ANOVA analysis of variance, SD standard deviation, df degree of freedom
  3. P-value = statistically significant at < 0.05, % = percentage