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Table 1 Descriptive statistics results for reasons for the CM use and statements for nurses’ emotional responses and factor analysis results

From: Cross-sectional study on nurses’ attitudes regarding coercive measures: the importance of socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction, and strategies for coping with stress

Statements about the reasons for the CM n \( \overline{x} \) SD F 1* F 2** Statements for nurses’ emotional responses n \( \overline{x} \) SD F 1*** F 2****
The patient is becoming excited and out of control 338 2.23 0.588 0.406 0.208 Annoyed that the patient was secluded 343 2.02 0.646 0.602 −0.082
The patient is hitting another patient 337 2.46 0.566 −0.093 0.825 Relieved that the problem has been resolved 341 2.30 0.608 −0.120 0.730
The patient is yelling and making too much noise 339 1.68 0.643 0.724 0.094 Satisfied that the ward is running smoothly 340 2.15 0.698 −0.115 0.795
The patient is hitting a staff member 336 2.48 0.588 −0.074 0.770 Guilt or misgivings about the necessity for secluding the patient 338 1.65 0.568 0.748 −0.060
The patient wants to sleep 340 1.14 0.381 0.590 0.003 Regretful that the crisis was not resolved differently 345 1.91 0.638 0.671 0.072
The patient is showing inappropriate sexual behavior 340 1.60 0.608 0.582 0.367 Powerful 345 1.06 0.228 0.051 0.295
The patient is annoying or interrupting other people 336 1.49 0.608 0.772 0.042 Angry that it was a mistake to have secluded the patient 342 1.28 0.451 0.687 −0.041
The patient is trying to break something like a chair or window 338 2.51 0.562 0.167 0.682 That you have failed 342 1.56 0.521 0.735 −0.003
The patient is cursing or swearing at other people 337 1.50 0.618 0.831 0.014 Disempowered that it ended this way 340 1.63 0.553 0.758 −0.060
The patient is trying to hurt him/herself 337 2.57 0.558 0.141 0.621 In control of the situation 341 1.80 0.665 −0.070 0.718
The patient will not take his/her medication 336 1.42 0.646 0.771 −0.082 Fed up 341 1.26 0.469 0.263 0.280
The patient is waking other patients at night 341 1.73 0.615 0.648 0.234 Angry at being made to be involved in a process that I do not agree with 341 1.31 0.501 0.572 0.018
The patient is asking to be restrained 342 1.87 0.604 0.228 0.350 / / / / / /
  1. Legend: \( \overline{x}, \) mean; n, number of responses; SD, standard deviation; F1*, less-threatening behaviour; F2**, threatening behaviour; F*** negative attitude towards CM; F**** positive attitude towards CM; significance of bold values at the 0.05 level