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Table 3 Forms of behaviour and attitudes towards CM according to gender, education, ward (open/closed) and hospitals

From: Cross-sectional study on nurses’ attitudes regarding coercive measures: the importance of socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction, and strategies for coping with stress

Behavior n \( \overline{\boldsymbol{x}} \) SD Gender
(U/p)
Education
(U/p)
Ward
(U/p)
Hospital
2(2)/p)
Attitude n \( \overline{\boldsymbol{x}} \) SD Gender
(U/p)
Education
(U/p)
Ward
(U/p)
Hospital
2(2)/p)
Less-threatening behavior 317 12.782 3.194 9666.50
0.023
9306.00
0.133
10,432.50
0.529
19.913
0.001
Positive 336 6.247 1.547 8684.50
< 0.001
9612.50
0.016
9556.50
0.010
17.666
0.003
Threatening behavior 327 10.048 1.664 9837.00
0.005
10,456.00
0.408
9503.50
0.014
13.264
0.021
Negative 326 11.312 2.641 10,961.00
0.150
9961.00
0.253
10,264.00
0.276
23.371
< 0.001
  1. Legend: n, number of responses; \( \overline{x\ } \) , mean; SD, standard deviation; U, Mann-Whitney test; χ 2 (2), Kruskal-Wallis test; p, statistical significance