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Table 4 Descriptive statistics of the WCQ according to gender, education, ward (open/closed) and hospital

From: Cross-sectional study on nurses’ attitudes regarding coercive measures: the importance of socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction, and strategies for coping with stress

Coping strategy n \( \overline{\boldsymbol{x}} \) SD Gender
(U/p)
Education
(U/p)
Ward
(U/p)
Hospital
2(2)/p)
Problem-focused coping strategies 355 37.104 8.801 13,566.00
0.561
10,146.00
0.003
12,769.50
0.430
6.607
0.252
Emotion-focused coping strategies 351 28.387 8.978 13,639.00
0.906
11,779.00
0.368
12,140.00
0.296
5.196
0.392
  1. Legend: n, number of responses; \( \overline{x\ } \) , mean; SD, standard deviation; U, Mann-Whitney test; χ2(2), Kruskal-Wallis test; p, statistical significance